A Compact, Efficient Pyrolysis/Oxidation System for Solid Waste Resource Recovery in Space

Award Information
Agency:
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$599,858.00
Award Year:
2010
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase II
Contract:
NNX10CA22C
Agency Tracking Number:
084979
Solicitation Year:
2008
Solicitation Topic Code:
X2.03
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
Advanced Fuel Research, Inc.
87 Church Street, East Hartford, CT, 06108-3728
Hubzone Owned:
N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
021804661
Principal Investigator:
Michael Serio
Principal Investigator
(860) 860-9806
mserio@AFRinc.com
Business Contact:
Michael Serio
Business Official
(860) 860-9806
mserio@AFRinc.com
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
Pyrolysis processing can be used in near term missions for volume reduction, water recovery (drying), stabilization, and enhanced water and oxygen recovery through thermochemical reactions. For longer term missions, the added benefits include production of fuel, multi-purpose carbon, and reactants for in-situ resource utilization (ISRU). The objective of the Phase I SBIR program was to demonstrate the feasibility of integrating pyrolysis, tar cracking, and oxidation steps into a compact, efficient, system for processing spacecraft solid wastes. This integration, which was based on a microwave pyrolysis/cracking/oxidation unit, has resulted in a significant reduction in energy consumption per gram (~70% when compared to a conventional unit), and an overall reduction in system complexity. These improvements should lead to a lower Equivalent System Mass (ESM) for a full scale system. Under Phase II, a prototype microwave pyrolysis/tar cracking/oxidation unit will be developed in collaboration with ETM Electromatic, Inc., a leading manufacturer of microwave power systems for commercial, space and military markets.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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