THE COMMON MARINE MUSSEL, MYTILUS EDULIS, HAS EVOLVED A MECHANISM FOR PERMANENT ATTACHMENT TO MANY DIFFERENT SURFACES UNDERWATER.

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: N/A
Contract: N/A
Agency Tracking Number: 4853
Amount: $50,000.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 1986
Solicitation Year: N/A
Solicitation Topic Code: N/A
Solicitation Number: N/A
Small Business Information
Bio-polymers Inc
309 Farmington Ave, Farmington, CT, 06032
DUNS: N/A
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 JOSEPH S D'ARRIGO
 PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR
 (203) 674-1444
Business Contact
Phone: () -
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
THE COMMON MARINE MUSSEL, MYTILUS EDULIS, HAS EVOLVED A MECHANISM FOR PERMANENT ATTACHMENT TO MANY DIFFERENT SURFACES UNDERWATER. THE KEY TO THIS ANIMAL'S ADHESIVE MECHANISM IS A PROTEINACEOUS CEMENT, I.E., MUSSEL-ADHESIVE PROTEIN (MAP), WHICH RECENTLY HAS BEEN SEQUENCED. ONE SPECIFIC AIM OF THIS PROJECT IS TO DETERMINE WHAT SPECIFIC SIMPLIFICATIONS IN MAP'S REPEATING DECAPEPTIDE STRUCTURE CANBE INTRODUCED, WITHOUT SIGNIFICANTLY AFFECTING ADHESIVE FUNCTION, INTO THE LONG-TERM SYNTHESIS PLANS FOR ONE OR MOREMAP ANALOGS. THE TYPES OF SIMPLIFICATIONS THAT WILL BE EVALUATED ARE REDUCED PROTEIN/PEPTIDE MOLECULAR WEIGHT, ALTERED HYDROGEN-BONDING CAPACITY, AND REDUCTION OF ACCESS- IBLE DOPA CONTENT. A SECOND SPECIFIC AIM OF THIS PROJECT ISTO STUDY THE INCLUSION OF INEXPENSIVE COMMERCIAL SURFACTANTSAS EFFECTIVE SPREADING AGENTS FOR IMMEDIATE USE WITH NATURALMAP AND FOR USE IN LONG-TERM STUDIES WITH SYNTHETIC MAP AND/OR MAP ANALOG FORMULATIONS. AN IMPROVED AND INEXPENSIVE SPREADING CAPABILITY FOR EXTENDING THE SURFACE COVERAGE OF MAP FORMULATIONS, ALONG WITH THE KNOWN CAPABILITY OF MAP TO DISPLACE WATER FROM THE SUBSTRATE SURFACE, WOULD HELP CREATEWIDE MARKETS FOR USE OF SYNTHETIC MAP AS AN EFFECTIVE COMBINATION ADHESIVE/SEALANT IN NUMEROUS BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS, ESPECIALLY AS A NEW BIOCOMPATIBLE DENTAL CEMENT.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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