CONTROLLED-PERMEABILITY CONTAINER FOR FREEZING SPERM

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Health and Human Services
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$50,000.00
Award Year:
1988
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
n/a
Agency Tracking Number:
7964
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
Reproduction Resources
Box 482, 101 N Pennsylvania Ave, Centre Hall, PA, 16828
Hubzone Owned:
N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
() -
Business Contact:
() -
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
DEPSITE ADVANTAGES OF DISEASE CONTROL, FROZEN HUMAN SPERM HAS BEEN RARELY USED UNIVERSALLY FOR DONOR ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION BECAUSE OF PERCEIVED LOW FERTILITY. GLYCEROL (WHICH MAY BE CONTRACEPTIVE IN HUMANS AS WITH OTHER SPECIES) AND EGG YOLK PROTEIN (WHICH MAY BE ANTIGENIC) CAN BE REMOVED BY SERIAL DILUTION OR CENTRIFUGATION; SUCH PROCESSES DAMAGE SPERM. WE ARE DEVELOPING PRACTICAL APPROACHES FOR USE OF CRYOPRESERVED SPERM. WE WILL EVALUATEA SEMINAL CONTAINER WHICH: (A) IS INSOLUBLE IN AQUEOUS MEDIADURING LOADING AND FREEZING; (B) DEVELOPS, AFTER THAWING ANDIMMERSION IN APPROPRIATE DILUENT SOLUTIONS, PORES WHOSE SIZEAND NUMBER ALLOW EGRESS OF EXTENDER AND CRYOPROTECTANT AT A CONTROLLED RATE (MINIMIZING CELL DAMAGE) WHILE SPERM REMAIN IN THE CONTAINER; AND (C) IS DIRECTLY ATTACHABLE TO ADEVICE FOR FACILE INSEMINATION. CHICKEN SEMEN WILL BE USED BECAUSE OF (A) SENSITIVITY OF THEIR SPERM TO CRYOPROTECTANT AND FREEZE-THAW DAMAGE AND (B) STATISTICALLY VALID FERTILITYDATA ARE EASILY OBTAINED. FIVE EXPERIMENTS WILL EVALUATE: (A) RATE OF EGRESS OF CRYOPROTECTANT FROM THE CONTAINER; (B) LACK OF TOXICITY OF CONTAINER MATERIAL TO SPERM; (C) EXTENT OF DAMAGE TO SPERM WHEN CONTAINERS ARE TESTED FOR REMOVAL OF CRYOPROTECTANT FROM UNFROZEN SAMPLES; (D) AS IN (C) BUT FROZEN-THAWED SPERM; AND (E) FERTILITY OF SPERM CRYOPRESERVED IN THESE PROTOTYPE CONTAINERS.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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