Modeling and Simulation of Biological Agent Response to Combustion Effects

Award Information
Agency: Department of Defense
Branch: Air Force
Contract: FA8651-06-M-0174
Agency Tracking Number: F061-128-1929
Amount: $100,000.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2006
Solicitation Year: 2006
Solicitation Topic Code: AF06-128
Solicitation Number: 2006.1
Small Business Information
24 Thorndike St., Cambridge, MA, 02141
DUNS: 617362579
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 N. Albert Moussa
 President
 (617) 661-0700
 amoussa@blazetech.com
Business Contact
 Venkat Devarakonda
Title: vice-President
Phone: (617) 661-0700
Email: venkat@blazetech.com
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
Weapons directed at enemy stores of chemical and biological agents can cause extreme collateral damage by venting live agents from broken containers into the surrounding area. This is severely hazardous for friendly forces, noncombatants, and the surrounding environment. An Agent Defeat weapon (such as HTIs) is specifically designed to cause substantial damage to the target, while minimizing collateral damage. The response of the agent to the environment created by the weapon is currently unknown. Most of the research thus far has focused on the pyrolysis and combustion of chemical agents and thermal inactivation of biological agents. However, the combustion of biological agents has not been examined and even the most fundamental properties such as the ignition temperature are currently not available. Here we propose to develop combustion models for biological agents based on carefully controlled sub-system level bench scale tests on live agents and simulants. In addition to measuring the combustion properties such as the ignition temperature, flammability limits, and the products of combustion, the study also will yield a fundamental understanding of the combustion mechanism. The models and data from this study can be used to predict the extent of combustion and fractional viability of spores in a real life combustion event.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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