Modeling and Simulation of Biological Agent Response to Combustion Effects

Award Information
Agency: Department of Defense
Branch: Air Force
Contract: FA8651-07-C-0146
Agency Tracking Number: F061-128-1929
Amount: $749,999.00
Phase: Phase II
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2007
Solicitation Year: 2006
Solicitation Topic Code: AF06-128
Solicitation Number: 2006.1
Small Business Information
24 Thorndike St., Cambridge, MA, 02141
DUNS: 617362579
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 N. Albert Moussa
 (617) 661-0700
Business Contact
 Venkat Devarakonda
Title: Vice President
Phone: (617) 661-0700
Research Institution
Weapons directed at enemy stores of chemical and biological agents can cause extreme collateral damage by venting live agents from broken containers into the surrounding area. This is severely hazardous for friendly forces, noncombatants, and the surrounding environment. An Agent Defeat weapon (such as HTIs) is specifically designed to cause substantial damage to the target, while minimizing collateral damage. In response to the environment created by the weapon in the facility, the agent may get neutralized through pyrolysis/thermal inactivation or combustion or may remain viable. Most of the research thus far has focused on the pyrolysis and combustion of chemical agents and thermal inactivation of biological agents. However, the combustion of biological agents has not been examined and even the most fundamental properties such as the ignition temperature are currently not available. The objective of the proposed Phase II SBIR project is to investigate combustion neutralization technologies for biological agents and develop a model compatible with existing lethality assessment codes. This objective will be accomplished through a combination of carefully controlled sub-system level bench scale tests on live agents and simulants and modeling. In addition to measuring combustion properties such as the ignition temperature, flammability limits, and the products of combustion, the study also will yield a fundamental understanding of combustion mechanism. The models and data from this study can be used to predict the extent of combustion and fractional viability of spores in a real life combustion event.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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