NEW GADOLINIUM-BORON COMPOUNDS FOR NEUTRON CAPTURE THERAPY

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Energy
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$500,000.00
Award Year:
1993
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase II
Contract:
n/a
Award Id:
17502
Agency Tracking Number:
17502
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
533 Pylon Dr, Raleigh, NC, 27606
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Bernard F. Spielvogel
() -
Business Contact:
Mr. Todd Bishop
(919) 832-2044
Research Institute:
n/a
Abstract
NEUTRON CAPTURE THERAPY IS A VERY PROMISING THERAPY FOR CERTAIN TUMORS, SUCH AS GLIOMAS AND MELANOMAS. SEVERAL NUCLEI HAVE HIGH CROSS SECTIONS FOR THERMAL NEUTRONS, OF WHICH BORON-10 ((10)B) AND GADOLINIUM-157 ((157)GD) HAVE BEEN SHOWN TO BE VERY PROMISING. (10)B HAS A HIGH CROSS SECTION FOR THERMAL NEUTRONS AND A VERY VERSATILE CHEMISTRY. (157)GD HAS THE HIGHEST CROSS SECTION FOR THERMAL NEUTRONS AND, BEING PARAMAGNETIC, IS GOOD FOR MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING. A COMBINATION OF THESE TWO NUCLEI IN A SINGLE ENTITY SHOULD PROVIDE A SINGLE, MORE CONVENIENT WAY TO DIAGNOSE AND TREAT TUMORS. PHASE I RESEARCH FOCUSES ON THE SYNTHESIS OF A MOLECULE CONTAINING BOTH (10)B AND (157)GD AND ON EVALUATING ITS STABILITY, TOXICITY (LD50), AND IN-VITRO EFFICACY. PHASE II RESEARCH WILL BE CONCERNED WITH THE EVALUATION OF IN-VIVO EFFICACY, STRUCTURE-ACTIVITY RELATIONSHIP STUDIES TO OPTIMIZE EFFICACY AND DETERMINE THE PHARMACOKINETICS, TISSUE DISTRIBUTION, AND TOXICITY (SAFETY) OF LEAD COMPOUND(S).

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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