Low-Cost, High-Performance Combustion Chamber for LOX/CH4 Propulsion

Award Information
Agency:
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$100,000.00
Award Year:
2010
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
NNX10CD15P
Award Id:
95375
Agency Tracking Number:
095364
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
X10
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
12173 Montague Street, Pacoima, CA, 91331
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
052405867
Principal Investigator:
Arthur Fortini
Principal Investigator
(818) 899-0236
art.fortini@ultramet.com
Business Contact:
Craig Ward
Engineering Administrative Mgr
(818) 899-0236
craig.ward@ultramet.com
Research Institute:
n/a
Abstract
Ultramet will design and fabricate a lightweight, high temperature 5-lbf combustion chamber for use with cryogenic liquid oxygen/methane (LOX/CH4) propellant that will deliver a specific impulse of ~355 seconds, an increase over the current 320-sec baseline that will result in a propellant mass decrease of 55 lbm. The material system will be based on Ultramet's proven oxide-iridium/rhenium architecture, which has been successfully hot-fire tested with stoichiometric oxygen/hydrogen for hours. Instead of rhenium, however, the structural material will be a niobium alloy that has excellent high temperature yield strength. With a yield strength-to-weight ratio over 33% greater than that of rhenium at elevated temperature, this niobium alloy will significantly reduce chamber weight. The starting materials are two orders of magnitude less expensive than rhenium and are less expensive than the C103 alloy commonly used in low-performance engines. Aerojet will design the chamber in Phase I and will perform hot-fire testing in Phase II. Phase II will include scaleup of the process and testing of a chamber in the 25- to 500-lbf thrust class, which would be suitable for a reaction control system engine on a lunar ascent/descent vehicle.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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