New Class of Bright Sharp Tunable Near Infrared Fluorophores for Flow Cytometry

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: National Institutes of Health
Contract: 2R42AI112302-02
Agency Tracking Number: R42AI112302
Amount: $1,494,800.00
Phase: Phase II
Program: STTR
Solicitation Topic Code: R
Solicitation Number: PA15-270
Timeline
Solicitation Year: 2015
Award Year: 2016
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): 2016-03-03
Award End Date (Contract End Date): 2018-06-30
Small Business Information
2 DAVIS DR STE 204, Research Triangle Park, NC, 27709-0003
DUNS: 078769570
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 JAMES PITNER
 (919) 383-4891
 b_pitner@earthlink.net
Business Contact
 PATRICK MIZE
Phone: (919) 943-7006
Email: patrick@nirvanasciences.com
Research Institution
 NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY RALEIGH
 2701 Sullivan Drive, Suite 240, Campus Box 7514
RALEIGH, NC, 27695-0001
 Nonprofit college or university
Abstract
DESCRIPTION provided by applicant Polychromatic flow cytometry FC is one of the most powerful analytical techniques routinely used by both basic research and clinical diagnostics laboratories for the immunological categorization of cells Dyes used for FC typically exhibit broad fluorescent emission bands with full width at half maximum fwhm values of nm This limits the maximum number of dyes and thus the number of cell biomarkers that can be resolved in a given experiment Compensating for spectral overlap between dyes is currently viewed as a necessary part of experimental design requiring extensive pre assay experimentation and mathematical compensation thereby introducing experimental error and reducing sensitivity Bacteriochlorins are a unique class of fluorescent dyes that offer a solution for accurate multiplexing with minimal compensation due to their very narrow emission bands fwhm of nm typically less than half the spectral width of existing dyes Through chemical modification they can be tuned to emission wavelengths from the far red through the near infrared NIR spectrum nm In addition bacteriochlorins share a common excitation band making possible the development of a full spectrum of NIR dyes excited by a single UV light source To render bacteriochlorin dyes commercially viable Phase II efforts will be focused on improving and expanding the bacteriochlorin dye portfolio and synthesis methods validating dye performance in FC panels with NIRvana Sciencesandapos collaborators a leading flow cytometry company and the Vaccine Research Center of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases and developing procedures methods and protocols for commercial scale manufacturing This Phase II STTR proposal is intended to continue the refinement and transfer of bacteriochlorin technology from North Carolina State University to NIRvana Sciences for commercial development resulting in a bacteriochlorin dye portfolio with high impact potential for polychromatic FC This enhanced multiplex capability will advance not only basic immunology research but it will also accelerate novel vaccine and adjuvant discovery for HIV malaria tuberculosis and emerging infectious disease threats Greater multiplexing also is critical for analyzing reduced volume samples for single cell studies and for high throughput high resolution analyses PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE Project Narrative Public Health Relevance Flow Cytometry is used routinely for both basic research and clinical diagnostic applications for characterizing cell of the immune system Modern flow cytometers are capable of detecting biomarkers per experiment using different fluorescent dye labels or andquot colorsandquot but the overlapping spectra of most fluorescent dyes limit the number of biomarkers that can currently be detected accurately NIRvana Sciences proposes to develop a portfolio of novel dyes in the near infrared NIR spectral region with low overlap that will enable much greater numbers of biomarkers to be detected simultaneously by flow cytometry impacting not only basic immunology research but also accelerating development of immunotherapies and vaccines for HIV and other emerging infectious disease threats

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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