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Lake Cyanobacterial Harmful Algal Bloom Mapping and Analysis Platform (CHAB-MAP)

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: N/A
Contract: 1R43ES025513-01A1
Agency Tracking Number: R43ES025513
Amount: $150,743.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Solicitation Topic Code: NIEHS
Solicitation Number: PA14-154
Solicitation Year: 2017
Award Year: 2016
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): 2016-01-15
Award End Date (Contract End Date): 2017-09-30
Small Business Information
87 PACKERS FALLS RD, Durham, NH, 03824-4318
DUNS: 091440904
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 (603) 659-2392
Business Contact
Phone: (603) 292-5747
Research Institution
DESCRIPTION provided by applicant Concern over toxins and public health threats resulting from Cyanobacterial Harmful Algal Blooms CHABs have gained attention as reoccurring and seasonal blooms persist in many waters It has also been suggested that climate change is increasing the frequency intensity and duration of CHABs Broadly cyanotoxins can be described as having negative health impacts and can be grouped into neurotoxic lipopolysaccharides or hepatotoxic such as microcystins which tend to be the most frequently reported The neurotoxin N methylamino L alanine BMAA can be produced by cyanobacteria and have been associated with CHABs and Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis ALS clusters across northern New England Caller et al Torbick et al Banack The magnitude and complexity of CHABs in our freshwater lakes requires innovative technologies and multiscale analysis for detection understanding forecasting and mitigating public health threats Specifically during this SBIR we partner with Cleveland Clinic and the ALS Research Center to evaluate linkages between Lake Erie CHABs and ALS cases ALS is a progressive fatal neurodegenerative disease with a lifetime risk of in The pathologic hallmark of ALS is the selective death of motor neurons in the brain and spinal cord producing debilitating symptoms of progressive weakness muscle wasting and spasticity Mutations in genes underlying familial ALS fALS have been discovered in only of the total population of ALS patients Approximately of ALS cases have no known genetic cause this group is commonly called sporadic ALS sALS There is a broad scientific consensus that ALS is caused by gene environment interactions Evidence has shown potential linkages between water quality cyanobacteria and high ALS incidence Decision Support Tools DSTs that integrate satellite remote sensing web and cloud services and mobile devices e g phones tablets offer the capability to monitor CHABs at spatial and temporal scales not achievable by discrete point observations or traditional techniques For CHAB detection bio optical algorithms use color remote sensing data to convert observed spectral light information into geophysical products such as chlorophyll a and phycocyanin concentration maps Remote sensing can detail attributes over space time and characterize location duration intensity and frequency The amount of historical satellite imagery is now thousands of terabytes presenting data handling challenges for all but the most technically capable end users Real time image processing flows integration of mobile devices and crowd sourcing and public health warning and forecasting tools are unobtainable for most applications due to technical challenges Proposed Innovation We propose to design build and operate a andapos Cloud based Lake Cyanobacterial Harmful Algal Bloom Mapping and Analysis Platform CHAB MAP for supporting public health risk assessmentandapos The tool will automate the mapping and analysis of relevant satellite remote sensing data and real time imagery updates for mapping and analyzing CHAB metrics derived from MODIS MERIS Sentiel and Landsat Mobile apps and crowd sourcing tools will be designed in partnership with NOAA GLERL and EPA to improve access to information decision making and data gathering In this SBIR we work closely with Cleveland Clinic to address the role of cyanotoxins and ALS in Ohio Specific Aim Design and apply BigData approaches and generate historical and real time MODIS present MERIS and Landsat present Lake Erie CHABs metrics including chl a phycocyanin and water temperature working with NOAA GLERL NASA and EPA partners Specific Aim Design test and identify optimal web and cloud framework for managing visualization plotting tools managing tabular data and accessing products using web and mobile packages Specific Aim Work in partnership with Cleveland Clinic and Dr Erik Pioro Barry Winovich Chair for ALS Research in the Lerner Research Institute and director of the section of ALS in the Dept of Neurology to assess the role of CHABs and cyanotoxins in ALS in northern and central Ohio Grow other applications investigating neurodegenerative diseases and disorders potentially linked to CHABs PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE Design build and operate a andapos Cloud based Lake Cyanobacterial Harmful Algal Bloom Mapping and Analysis Platform Lake CHAB MAP for investigating impact of cyanotoxins on ALS and developing public health applicationsandapos Help address cyanobacteria ALS and toxicity public health threats

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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