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A Probabilistic Pose Estimation Algorithm for D Motion Capture Data

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: National Institutes of Health
Contract: 2R44HD066831-02A1
Agency Tracking Number: R44HD066831
Amount: $957,533.00
Phase: Phase II
Program: SBIR
Solicitation Topic Code: NICHD
Solicitation Number: PA14-071
Solicitation Year: 2014
Award Year: 2016
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): 2016-02-01
Award End Date (Contract End Date): 2018-07-31
Small Business Information
Germantown, MD 20874-1112
United States
DUNS: 103164153
HUBZone Owned: No
Woman Owned: No
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: No
Principal Investigator
 (301) 840-1919
Business Contact
Phone: (301) 840-1919
Research Institution

DESCRIPTION provided by applicant Orthopaedic disorders are a leading cause of disability in the U S with arthritis and or spine problems adversely affecting quality of life fo more than of adults With an aging population the rate of disability from orthopaedic disorders has been increasing steadily While advances in diagnostic imaging including CT MRI and ultrasound have greatly improved our ability to detect structural changes in musculoskeletal tissues they typically reveal little about joint function There is evidence that abnormal mechanical joint function contributes significantly to the development and progression of many types of joint disease There is therefore a significant clinical need for the widespread
use of technologies that can identify subtle abnormalities in joint function that if left untreate can compromise long term joint health Biomechanical analyses are a key tool for providing quantitative objective measures of patient status and treatment outcomes At the heart of most in vivo biomechanical analyses is the estimation of the position and orientation Pose of a multi segment rigid body model based on recordings of D motion sensor data The principal assumption of existing Pose estimation algorithms is that the motion sensors move rigidly along with the body segments to which they are attached it is known however that this assumption is an approximation and that the sensors in reality move relative to the underlying skeleton This project is designed to apply algorithms based on Bayesian Inference which have the potential for mitigating soft tissue artifacts and dramatically improving the spatial resolution of D movement analysis To address this soft tissue problem we redefined Pose estimation using the general framework of probabilistic Bayesian inference In Phase I we developed a general Bayesian Prior based on soft tissue motion that produced substantially lower errors than all generative methods In Phase II a new Bayesian Priors will be implemented to mitigate soft tissue artifact based on DSX data of the knee and ankle for a set of control subjects In Phase II we will test this Probabilistic Inference approach against an independent set normal subjects during walking and running against a set of subjects with Cerebral Palsy during walking and against a set of subjects with Anterior Collateral Ligament ACL injuries during walking and running The improvement in spatial resolution demonstrated in Phase I and the enhancements proposed for Phase II will enable non invasive Motion Capture to achieve sufficiently high spatial accuracy to describe the dynamic functioning of joints and ligaments which will lead to an experimental and analytical tool suitable for studying joint disease and disorders PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE Biomechanical analyses based on D Motion Capture are a key tool for establishing quantitative objective measures of functional movement status and treatment outcomes In Phase I we implemented a probabilistic Bayesian approach for estimating the position and orientation of anatomical bodies and found that when tested against Dynamic Stereo X ray data the approach was more accurate than existing discriminative solutions and demonstrated the potential to achieve sufficiently high spatial accuracy to study joint disease and disorders

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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