Prototype of Adjustable Systemic-Pulmonary Artery Shunt

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Health and Human Services
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$100,000.00
Award Year:
2003
Program:
STTR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
1R41HL073506-01A1
Award Id:
65626
Agency Tracking Number:
HL073506
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
2260 CAROLINA LN, 2260 CAROLINA LN, Lexington, KY, 40513
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
WILLIAM DOUGLAS
(859) 323-6494
WDOUG2@UKY.EDU
Business Contact:
WILLIAM DOUGLAS
(859) 224-4700
WDOUG2@UKY.EDU
Research Institute:
UNIVERSITY OF KENTUCKY

109 Kinkead Hall
Lexington, KY, 40506-0057

Nonprofit college or university
Abstract
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This proposal is to complete the feasibility prototype of an adjustable systemic-pulmonary artery (SPA) shunt. Children with single ventricle physiology (SVP) and reduced pulmonary blood flow (PBF) are palliated with an SPA shunt until approximately 6 months of age. Current shunts are made from simple (unadjustable) polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) vascular grafts. The amount of blood which flows through the tube into the lungs versus the systemic circulation is critical, yet there is no way to reliably balance the flow between the circuits. In order to address this problem, our laboratory is in the process of developing an adjustable SPA shunt. Proof-of-concept prototypes have been created of the four component parts: the resistor, the torque transmission cable (TTC), torque producing unit (TPU), and the controller wand (CW). The CW is an electromagnet which provides torque from outside the patient to the TPU, which is implanted inside the chest. The TPU turns the TTC which terminates in a screw-plunger mechanism on the outside of the PTFE graft. The screw-plunger changes the diameter and resistance of the graft. The TPU has been constructed as twice normal size during the proof-of-concept stage. The project has 4specific aims: 1) complete the refined prototype by miniaturizing the TPU and adding a ball-and-socket joint to the screw-plunger mechanism; 2) individually test the torque production of the TPU versus the torque requirements of the screw-plunger to make certain the torque production is adequate; 3) test the entire device on an established pressure-flow system to demonstrate its effectiveness at controlling flow in an in vitro model; 4) perform preliminary fatigue testing to verify the durability of the device.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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