INOCULTION TECHNIQUES FOR FOREST MUSHROOMS LPRODUCTIONS

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Agriculture
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$191,126.00
Award Year:
1986
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase II
Contract:
n/a
Award Id:
1912
Agency Tracking Number:
1912
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
P.o. Box 1362, Asheville, NC, 28802
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
() -
Business Contact:
TOBY J. FARRIS
PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR
(704) 667-8020
Research Institute:
n/a
Abstract
THE FOREST MUSHROOM (SHIITAKE) IS THE ONLY GOURMENT CLASS OFMUSHROOM THAT CAN BE COMMERCIALLY CULTIVATED. IT IS P PRIMARILY GROWN IN JAPAN, PRINCIPALLY BY OVER 170,000 SMALL LOT GROWERS. THE CURRENT ANNUAL WORLD AND U.S. MARKETS E EXCEEDS $1.58 BILLION AND $10 MILLION RESPECTIVELY. IN R RURAL SOUTHEAST UNITED STATES OVER 2 MILLION PRIVATE NON- INDUSTRIAL FOREST LAND OWNERS OWN OVER 70% OF THE COMMERCIALFOREST LAND, MUCH OF IT UNDERMANAGED AND NOT COMMERCIALLY VALUABLE. BY INTRODUCING AND DEMONSTRATING THE FEASIBILITY OF USING THE SHRUB HARDWOODS RESULTING FROM TIMBER STAND IMPROVEMENT FOR CULTIVATION OF AN ALTERNATIVE CROP-FOREST MUSHROOMS, SMALL WOODLOT OWNERS WILL BENEFIT FROM A S SECONDARY INCOME, AND BE MOTIVATED TO IMPROVED THE FUTURE COMMERCIAL VALUE OF THEIR TIMBER. NEW HORTICULTURAL STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY MUST BE DEVELOPEDSINCE CURRENT COMMERCIAL TECHNIQUES AND SUPPLIES FOR INC INOCULATING OF HOST LOGS WITH LENTINUS EDODES MYCELIUM R REMAIN CRUDE, RESULTING IN LIMITED CROP PRODUCTION AND INEFFINEFFICIENT LABOR. THE STANDARD SPAWN DOWEL CAUSES FRACTURESFRACTURES AN THE BARK AND SEALING PARAFIN WAX DRIES OUT AND CHIPS OFF, ALLOWING EXCESSIVE WEED FUNGI INFESTATION AND MOISTURE LOSS. RESEARCH WILL COMPLETE DEVELOPMENT AND TESTING OF AN INNOVATIVE SPAWN DOWEL DESIGN, SEALING WAX FORMULA AND DRILL BIT DESIGN THAT WILL INCREASE CROP YIELD AND REDUCE LABOR COSTS.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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