Hydrogen Separation from a Logistic-Fuel Reformate Stream

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Defense
Branch
Navy
Amount:
$69,909.00
Award Year:
2005
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
N65538-05-M-0147
Award Id:
75129
Agency Tracking Number:
N051-040-0650
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
131 Flanders Road, Westborough, MA, 01581
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
081904448
Principal Investigator:
Reinder Boersma
Manager Systems Group
(508) 898-2223
reinder@celltechpower.com
Business Contact:
Scott Rackey
President
(508) 898-2223
scott@celltechpower.com
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
A two step reforming process for diesel type fuels with high sulfur content is proposed. In the first step the fuel is passed through an electric arc, as a result of which the fuel decomposes into mainly hydrogen carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and water. To prevent soot formation a certain amount of air is added to the fuel. The process is called plasma reforming, and has demonstrated high tolerance to sulfur. In the second step the fuel is passed over a dense membrane that has is conducting to oxygen ions and electrons. On the other side of the membrane steam with a small amount of hydrogen passes. Since both streams contain very small concentrations of oxygen, but the concentration on the hydrogen side can be 1000 times higher than on the reformate side, a gradient results that gives rise to a flow of oxygen ions through the membrane. The oxygen is removed from the steam and so hydrogen is left behind. Thus steam is dissociated electrochemically whereby the energy for the process is derived from electrochemical oxidation of the reformate. The membrane is coated with electrochemically active layers. On the reformate side is a ceramic material, La-Ce-SrTiO3, that has shown desirable characteristics in high sulfur environments. Since both processes take place at the same temperature and ambient pressure an integrated, compact design approach is foreseen.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

Agency Micro-sites


SBA logo

Department of Agriculture logo

Department of Commerce logo

Department of Defense logo

Department of Education logo

Department of Energy logo

Department of Health and Human Services logo

Department of Homeland Security logo

Department of Transportation logo

Enviromental Protection Agency logo

National Aeronautics and Space Administration logo

National Science Foundation logo
US Flag An Official Website of the United States Government