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Development of a Polymeric Percutaneous Pulmonary Valve for Use in Young Children

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: National Institutes of Health
Contract: 1R41HL129577-01A1
Agency Tracking Number: R41HL129577
Amount: $224,627.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: STTR
Solicitation Topic Code: NHLBI
Solicitation Number: PAR13-091
Solicitation Year: 2013
Award Year: 2016
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): 2016-08-15
Award End Date (Contract End Date): 2018-07-31
Small Business Information
Houston, TX 77030-2358
United States
DUNS: 079459998
HUBZone Owned: No
Woman Owned: No
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: No
Principal Investigator
 (832) 826-5662
Business Contact
Phone: (832) 826-5662
Research Institution

DESCRIPTION provided by applicant Congenital heart defects CHD represent the most common type of birth defect and are a leading cause of childhood deaths in the developed world Many forms of CHD require pulmonary valve PV replacement surgery which is typically performed with biologic valves such as human cadaveric donor valves which are in short supply Additionally such biologically derived valves deteriorate progressively due to a childandapos s aggressive immune response leading to their overall poor durability manifested as progressive stenosis and or insufficiency As a result children with CHD enter a cycle of multiple re operations for valve replacements The advent of percutaneous valve delivery along with the development of stent mounted valves SMV could potentially change this treatment pattern but current SMVs are problematic because they cannot be crimped sufficiently to reach a small profile that is compatible with vessel sizes in small children and are not available in deployed diameters that are required for application in small children In this proposal we describe an SMV that employs a next generation polymer that enables the reliable production of thin leaflets and offers significant improvements in biocompatibility and durability over previous polymeric options Our current SMV model has excellent hydrodynamic performance and exceeds ISO guidelines for durability In the present STTR proposal Polyvascular will team with colleagues at Baylor College of Medicine Texas Childrenandapos s Hospital and Rice University to scale the SMV to sizes that are appropriate for its target pediatric population In Aim we will adapt our current fabrication methods to manufacture pediatric sized SMVs assess hydrodynamic performance at pulmonary pressures as a function of leaflet thickness and assess batch reproducibility of our fabrication method In Aim complementary studies of these same valves will assess SMV durability under high speed cyclic loading with a goal of reaching ISO targets of million cycles without failure In Aim we will simulate the process of SMV crimping and re expansion which are necessary steps in product use but which may potentially damage SMV components We will fabricate SMVs with multiple leaflet thicknesses and measure their minimum possible profile after crimping After re expansion each SMV will be visually assessed for damage and or radial asymmetry and will be re tested for hydrodynamic performance We hypothesize that these experiments in our Phase I STTR will demonstrate the feasibility of creating functional polymeric SMVs at sizes relevant to young pediatric patients with CHD These steps will lay the groundwork for final manufacturing of SMVs in Phase II and testing their response in an animal model We anticipate that this SMV may offer a new therapeutic opportunity for children with CHD with reduced numbers of surgeries and potential long term health benefits

PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE Many infants and children who are born with congenital heart defects require replacement of their pulmonary valve which allows the heart to pump to the lungs Such valve replacements require open heart surgery which carries significant risk and discomfort Small children currently have very limited options for valve replacement Our proposal describes the development of a new heart valve that is specifically designed for small children and can be delivered in a minimally invasive fashion through the groin without open heart surgery

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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