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Chikungunya Recombinant Subunit Vaccine

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: National Institutes of Health
Contract: 1R43AI120388-01A1
Agency Tracking Number: R43AI120388
Amount: $600,000.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Solicitation Topic Code: NIAID
Solicitation Number: PA15-269
Solicitation Year: 2015
Award Year: 2016
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): 2016-07-22
Award End Date (Contract End Date): 2019-06-30
Small Business Information
Aiea, HI 96701-3900
United States
DUNS: 113226823
HUBZone Owned: No
Woman Owned: No
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: No
Principal Investigator
 (808) 734-5025
Business Contact
Phone: (808) 499-8076
Research Institution

DESCRIPTION provided by applicant Chikungunya virus CHIKV is an alphavirus classified as a category C priority pathogen that causes fever rash and arthralgia in humans In the past decade CHIKV outbreaks have spread beyond the endemic regions of Africa and Asia first to the islands in the Indian Ocean and most recently to the Americas The World Health Organization has reported that as of October over suspected cases of Chikungunya have been recorded in the Caribbean islands Latin American countries and some South American countries Due to this geographic expansion of its range and the increase in the number of human cases CHIKV is considered to be a re emerging pathogen a contributing factor to this re emergence is the virus adapting to transmission by Aedes albopictus mosquitoes Currently there are no licensed vaccines or therapeutics to protect against infection with CHIKV As with many viral infections supportive care is the only available treatment Given the severe morbidity caused by CHIKV its swift emergence and the lack of any targeted interventions a preventative vaccine would provide an effective means to reduce the burden caused by this disease This application is directed at the development of a CHIKV recombinant subunit vaccine There are several candidate vaccines under development using a variety of platform technologies including inactivated viruses live attenuated viruses chimeric live attenuated viruses virus like particles and subunits As with all vaccines and in particula for priority pathogens such as CHIKV which requires BSL handling a combination of safety and economics in manufacturing are of paramount importance The proposed recombinant subunit approach provides a means to deliver a safe and stable manufacturing platform and allow for easy adjustment of dosing in order to elicit a robust immune response providing strong protection against CHIKV infection To accomplish this goal recombinant subunit proteins focused on specific domains with relevant epitopes from the CHIKV envelope glycoproteins will be evaluated The Specific Aims of this project are produce recombinant CHIKV E subunit proteins demonstrate immunogenicity of candidate vaccines in mice and demonstrate protective efficacy of candidate vaccines in mice To achieve these goals the recombinant E subunit proteins will be produced in an established stable insect expression system for which multiple IND applications have now been filed A candidate vaccine will be selected on the basis of a composition that maintains native like protein structure and which elicits a relevant and robust immune response that is capable of preventing disease following CHIKV challenge A collaboration between Hawaii Biotech and Baylor College of Medicine has been established to develop and evaluate a successful a CHIKV vaccine The development of CHIKV recombinant subunit vaccine would be of great value in slowing the spread of this re emerging Category C virus and preventing the severe morbidity caused by CHIKV infection PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE The proposed research is focused on development of a candidate vaccine that protects against Chikungunya virus CHIKV which causes disease in humans The vaccine will be based on technology which allows for production recombinant subunit envelope proteins Although CHIKV is not yet established in the U S recent epidemics in the Americas provide the potential for the virus to become endemic in the U S CHIKV is also classified as a category C priority pathogen The proposed vaccine would be used to protect U S citizens against the potential spread of this virus as well as protect military and state department personnel and travelers that may be at risk in endemic areas The vaccine could also protect the populations of countries where the virus is already established

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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