Crystal Transducers for Harmonic Imaging

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: N/A
Contract: 2R44RR018016-02
Agency Tracking Number: RR018016
Amount: $746,540.00
Phase: Phase II
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2005
Solicitation Year: 2005
Solicitation Topic Code: N/A
Solicitation Number: PHS2005-2
Small Business Information
Trs Technologies, Inc., 2820 E College Ave, Ste J, State College, PA, 16801
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 (814) 238-7485
Business Contact
Phone: (814) 238-7485
Research Institution
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Contrast agent harmonic imaging has become a very important tool for studying blood perfusion. Due to the extensive amount of angiogenesis that occurs around malignant tumors, the use of ultrasound contrast agents has the potential to improve cancer diagnosis and to direct therapies. However, existing transducers are limited in their ability to form images from contrast agent harmonics because they lack sufficient bandwidth. This is especially true if both second and sub-harmonics are to be used to construct an image. In the Phase I program TRS Technologies, Blatek, Inc., J&W Medical, LLC, and Thomas Jefferson University Hospital demonstrated a solution to this problem by constructing a very broad band transducer using single crystal ferroelectric. This material (PbCMgi/sNb^CVPbTiOs - PMN-PT) has a very high electromechanical coupling coefficient (kss > 90%) so that ultrasound transducers constructed from it have an inherently broad bandwidth. In the Phase I program a single element, focused transducer was constructed from a crystal/epoxy 1-3 composite. The transducer had a bandwidth of 130% with excellent receive sensitivity at 9 and 2.25 MHz, the second and subharmonics, respectively, of the 4.5 MHz transmit frequency. Feasibility for contrast agent detection was demonstrated by using the transducer to measure the strength of 2nd harmonic signals generated by Sonazoid microbubbles in water. For the Phase II program, TRS proposes to build on these results by constructing a broad band single crystal linear array and using it for contrast agent enhanced imaging VX2 liver tumors in rabbits.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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