Low-Temperature Microwave Catalyisis to Destroy Chemical Warfare Agents from Air Streams

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Defense
Branch
Office for Chemical and Biological Defense
Amount:
$69,978.00
Award Year:
2004
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
FA8651-04-C-0271
Award Id:
68695
Agency Tracking Number:
C041-302-0019
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
372 West Lyon, Laramie, WY, 82072
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
622669786
Principal Investigator:
Chang Yul Cha
Principal Investigator
(307) 742-2829
ccha@chacorporation.com
Business Contact:
Chang Yul Cha
President
(307) 742-2829
ccha@chacorporation.com
Research Institute:
n/a
Abstract
Ventilation systems are extremely venerable to incidental and malicious attacks by terrorists and saboteurs. During attacks by chemical and biological weapons, personnel in temporary and permanent shelters are dependent on a constant supply of clean air. Consequently, the main objective of the proposed work is to develop a microwave low-temperature catalytic oxidation system that will effectively decontaminate air containing aerosolized or gaseous chemical agents (CWAs). In order to protect personnel in shelters, the catalytic oxidation systems should (1) destroy CWAs in air at low temperatures to avoid NOx formation, (2) remove sulfur dioxide produced from the oxidation of CWAs containing sulfur atoms, (3) operate for an indefinite period of time, and (4) destroy biological agents at low temperatures. The experimental results obtained during the Phase I work will clearly demonstrate that the microwave decontamination process is capable of destroying greater than 90% of organics containing 3% or more of phosphorous and separately, of sulfur from flowing air at a residence time one second or less for at least 30 minutes. A prototype microwave air decontamination system will be constructed and tested during the Phase II work to demonstrate the effectiveness of the microwave air decontamination system.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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