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Network-Based Truth Maintenance System for Tactical Situation Assessment

Award Information
Agency: Department of Defense
Branch: Army
Contract: DAAB07-01-C-L857
Agency Tracking Number: A002-2732
Amount: $120,000.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Solicitation Topic Code: N/A
Solicitation Number: N/A
Solicitation Year: N/A
Award Year: 2001
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): N/A
Award End Date (Contract End Date): N/A
Small Business Information
725 Concord Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
DUNS: 115243701
HUBZone Owned: No
Woman Owned: No
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: No
Principal Investigator
 Subrata Das
 Principal Scientist
 (617) 491-3474
Business Contact
 Greg Zacharias
Title: President
Phone: (617) 491-3474
Research Institution

The growing digitization of the battlefield gives the intelligence analyst a unique opportunity to access large amounts of information collected over time across a variety of sensors to achieve an unparalleled level of tactical situation awareness.However, before using this array of dynamically changing tactical information, the data must be correlated and fused, and, most of all, managed in a truth maintenance system (TMS) ensuring logical data consistency. Rather than adopting a highly inefficientlogic-based theorem-proving approach to maintain consistency across the entire database, we propose a Bayesian belief network (BN) approach that focuses truth maintenance only on the portions of the fused data relevant to the current assessment task. EachBN is constructed to assess a specific high-level situation in the form of the commander's priority intelligence requirement (PIR). Before posting incoming evidence at a BN node, a truth maintenance procedure is invoked to detect information inconsistencybetween the node's current state and the state of the evidence to be posted. In the case of inconsistency, the truth maintenance procedure isolates only relevant inconsistent nodes based on the causal dependency of the network. The proposed network-basedTMS thus incrementally maintains only consistent BN states to ensure trustworthy situation assessment.Commercial applications of the proposed approach to truth maintenance in situation assessment incorporating Bayesian belief network technology exist inmany areas including operation centers for complex process control (e.g., nuclear power plants), financial services, credit verification, loan approval, and rail and air traffic management centers. A belief network based situation assessment procedure thatfocuses only on the relevant data can also solve the information overload problem in high-value complex operational environments.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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