WEATHER PREDICTION

Award Information
Agency:
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$50,000.00
Award Year:
1985
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
n/a
Agency Tracking Number:
2766
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
Chase Consulting Inc
3543 Caminito Carmel Landing, San Diego, CA, 92130
Hubzone Owned:
N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
RICHARD C J SOMERVILLE
PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR
() -
Business Contact:
() -
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
THE OVERALL OBJECTIVE OF THIS PROPOSAL IS TO DEVELOP A METHOD FOR EXTRACTING TIME DERIVATIVE INFORMATION FROM GEOSTATIONARY METEROLOGICAL SATELLITE IMAGERY FOR THE PURPOSE OF IMPROVING NUMERICAL WEATHER PREDUCTION. IN PHASE I, WE SHALL INDERTAKE TO CARRY OUT A PROOF-OF-CONCEPT STUDY TO DEMONSTRATE THE FEASIBILITY OF USING PATTERN RECOGNITION TECHNIQUES AND A STATISTICAL CLOUD CLASSIFICATION METHOD TO ESTIMATE TIME RATES OF CHANGE OF LARGE-SCALE METEROLOGICAL FIELDS FROM REMOTE SENSING DATA. FOR THIS PURPOSE, WE SHALL ANALYZE VISIBLE AND INFRARED GEOSTATIONARY SATELLITE IMAGES. THE CLOUD CLASSIFICATION METHODOLOGY WILL BE BASED ON TYPICAL SHAPE FUNCTION ANALYSISOF PARAMETER SETS CHARACTERIZING THE CLOUD FIELDS. AN IDEALIZED NUMERICAL WEATHER PREDUCTION MODEL WILL BE USED TOTEST THE POTENTIAL VALUE OF THE CONCEPT FOR IMPROVING MODELED PHYSICAL PROCESSES USING THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN OBSERVED AND COMPUTED TIME RATES OF CHANGE. FORECAST VERIFICATION STUDIES, IN CONJUNCTION WITH PREDICTABILITY THEORIES, SHOW THAT THE EARLY HOUSE OF NUMERICAL WEATHER PREDICTION ARE TYPICALLY CHARACTERIZED BY A RAPID DECAY OF SKILL. IF OBSERVATIONAL ESTIMATES OF TIME DERIVATIVES CAN BE COMPARED WITH NUMERICAL COMPUTATIONS DURING THIS CRITICAL PERIOD, A POTENTIALLY VALUABLE NEW TOOLWILL HAVE BEEN MADE AVAILABLE FOR IMPROVING NUMERICAL WEATHER PREDICTION MODELS.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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