Optical Dosimeter guided Photodynamic Therapy

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: National Institutes of Health
Contract: 2R44CA213607-02
Agency Tracking Number: R43CA213607
Amount: $896,908.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2018
Solicitation Year: 2015
Solicitation Topic Code: 102
Solicitation Number: PA15-269
Small Business Information
20 NEW ENGLAND BUSINESS CENTER DR, Andover, MA, 01810-1022
DUNS: 073800062
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 (978) 689-0003
Business Contact
Phone: (978) 738-8146
Email: green@psicorp.com
Research Institution
Photodynamic Therapy PDT is a promising modality for cancer treatment Oxygen molecules in the metastable singlet delta state O are believed to be the species that destroys cancerous cells during PDT Despite the benefit of targeted PDT that kills tumors selectively with minimum effect on surrounding healthy tissues at the present time it is difficult if not impossible to predict the response of an individual to PDT This has inhibited the acceptance of PDT for clinical uses Under NCI SBIR funding Physical Sciences Inc PSI has developed two prototype in vivo capable dosimeters for PDT a non imaging ultra sensitive photomultiplier tube PMT based point sensor for singlet O detection and a D imaging sensor for PS fluorescence and singlet O detections These devices use spectral and temporal discrimination methods to optimize sensitivity The overall goal of our proposed program is to produce an integrated imaging PDT system that will use real time feedback to control PDT light dose during the treatment In Phase I we will develop and test a newly introduced D imaging camera that incorporates gating below a microsecond and a fast framing rate This will enhance the sensitivity singlet oxygen by at least an order of magnitude The system will be based upon PSIandapos s current system platform of the D imaging system that has demonstrated the ability to observe singlet O and PS fluorescence in vivo produced during PDT The current system uses a near infrared NIR sensitive camera for singlet O images However this camera does not have a fast time gating capability and that limits the detection method to only spectral discrimination The system will be developed and tested on in vitro samples at PSI then transported to Dartmouth College for in vivo testing The Phase I study result will be utilized to design a Phase II system for both PDT treatments and dosimeters A fiber coupled pulsed diode laser will be used for the PDT excitation source The goal of the Phase I study is to demonstrate the detection sensitivity of the newly introduced D camera integrated in the PSI detection system In Phase II the combined PDT system will be designed built and tested for extensive performance verification for in vitro and in vivo studies An accurate dosimeter to optimize the individual treatment response of PDT is necessary to improve the outcomes of PDT in a clinical environment A fully developed instrument will be a valuable tool first for PDT researchers and subsequently for clinical PDT uses The proposed research has the potential to significantly improve clinical PDT applications by concurrently operating PDT treatment and dosimeter as a combined system Eventually it could lead to much higher efficacy in PDT treatments in the clinic by enabling physicians to intelligently adapt individual light doses for PDT to match the different responses of individual patients

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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