Practical Mass Spectrometry Upgrade for Identifying Fragile Protein Modifications by ECD

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: National Institutes of Health
Contract: 1R43GM122131-01
Agency Tracking Number: R43GM122131
Amount: $225,000.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Solicitation Topic Code: 400
Solicitation Number: PA15-269
Timeline
Solicitation Year: 2015
Award Year: 2017
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): 2017-01-01
Award End Date (Contract End Date): 2017-06-30
Small Business Information
200 SW 4TH ST, # 201, Corvallis, OR, 97333-4649
DUNS: 079967610
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 VALERY VOINOV
 (541) 737-1775
 valery.voinov@orst.edu
Business Contact
 JOSEPH BECKMAN
Phone: (541) 760-9967
Email: joe.beckman@oregonstate.com
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
The speed resolution and high mass accuracy of modern mass spectrometers have revolutionized proteomics particularly for determining fragile post translational modifications that control most cellular processes Accurate identification and quantitation of phosphorylation sites remain a major challenge in proteomics The key weakness with mass spectrometry for phospho proteomics lies in the methods used to induce fragmentation because phosphoryl bonds are among the most labile chemical bonds in proteins and are lost in complex ways by current collision based fragmentation approaches An alternative fragmentation methodology called electron capture dissociation ECD is well established to produce exceptional spectra of phosphopeptides but is currently feasible only in expensive FTICR mass spectrometers The fundamental limitation to ECD is providing enough low energy electrons to efficiently fragment peptides We have two issued patents protecting a new technology enabling a practical ECD cell that uses carefully sculpted magnetic fields to confine electrons The ECD cell is only two centimeters in length and can be readily incorporated into virtually any mass spectrometer The major factor limiting adaption with our ECD cell is that the efficiency is limited to for doubly charged phosphopeptides This raise concerns about the loss of sensitivity for low abundance peptides However peptides now fly just once through the cell Our Phase I proposes to increase this efficiency by reflecting ions to make multiple passages through the ECD cell For this purpose we will focus on Orbitrap mass spectrometers which have become the most widely used instruments for proteomics Their unique design allows integration of the ECD cell without changing any component in the Orbitrap itself The feasibility question to be answered in Phase I is how to best incorporate the ECD cell to pass peptides and proteins through the cell multiple times to increase fragmentation efficiency The challenge is to avoid losing sensitivity because of peptide ions scattering as they are reflected In Phase II we will work with early adopters to validate the cell for quantifying post translational modifications by both top down and bottom up proteomic approaches Supporting letters are included from the discoverer of ECD the inventor of the Orbitrap and two internationally known leaders of proteomics Phase III will be to provide cost effective upgrade kits for the thousands of Orbitraps currently in operation As the technology wins acceptance our company will develop new generations of mass spectrometers capitalizing on the additional information provided by ECD The adoption of our technology for a modest cost will accelerate the ability of many NIH investigators to probe disease mechanisms as well as identify diagnostic and therapeutic biomarkers with increased accuracy greater speed and fewer mistakes e MSion Inc is dedicated to improving the tools used to discovery better understand diagnosis and treat disease Specifically we will develop a better means of analyzing the most complex biological molecules involved in arthritis cancer diabetes heart disease and neurodegeneration

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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