Development of a DNA Aptamer Based Electrochemical Assay for Acetazolamide in Urine Using a Handheld Biosensor for Compliance Validation in Clinical Drug Trials

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: National Institutes of Health
Contract: 1R43DA044045-01
Agency Tracking Number: R43DA044045
Amount: $225,000.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Solicitation Topic Code: NIDA
Solicitation Number: PA16-302
Timeline
Solicitation Year: 2016
Award Year: 2017
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): 2017-04-01
Award End Date (Contract End Date): 2018-10-31
Small Business Information
310 E 300 S, Salt Lake City, UT, 84111-2605
DUNS: 079402408
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 WILLIAM PAGELS
 (801) 703-5157
 bill.pagels@apollodx.com
Business Contact
 WILLIAM PAGELS
Phone: (801) 703-5157
Email: bill.pagels@apollodx.com
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
Development of a DNA Aptamer Based Electrochemical Assay for Acetazolamide in Urine Using a Handheld Biosensor for Compliance Validation in Clinical Drug Trials Thirty to over eighty percent of patients enrolled in pharmaceutical clinical trials do not comply with trial protocols by discarding the drug under investigation or not using the proper dosages This common practice compromises the medical treatment decisions during the trials confounds the interpretation of data from the trials impacts the regulatory review and could result in inappropriate termination of a drugandapos s development at huge expense to the pharmaceutical industry Worldwide this cost has been estimated to be in excess of $ BIL Furthermore non adherence can alter recommended prescription levels of the drug if approved and contribute to drug dosing related morbidity and mortality Existing methods of assessing pharmaceutical adherence during clinical trials include electronic monitoring and self reporting but these methods overestimate protocol compliance Quantitative assays for the target drug or tagging compounds such as riboflavin co formulated with the drug under investigation are also used but a missed dose cannot be differentiated from non adherence to trial protocols The drug or its marker can be determined quantitatively by techniques such as LC MS or GC MS which can be relatively rapid and accurate but may require sample preparation and derivatization of the drug or taggant In addition because of their size and power requirements LC MS and GC MS methods are generally restricted to central laboratories preventing clinical trial monitors from further questioning enrollees about their lack of compliance Significant additional costs accrue from transport and cold storage of clinical samples The solution to these challenging problems is a portable diagnostic system that can be used by various types of medical professionals with minimal training at the point of care POC provides accurate results for the drug or taggant concentration within the timeframe of the patientandapos s in house clinical trial or periodic clinic visits and is a versatile platform for evaluating treatment protocol compliance for many different investigational drugs The ApolloDx OTC Biotech team assembled for this proposed project has demonstrated the ability to develop a system with all of these characteristics in a simple inexpensive! handheld diagnostic platform that is widely applicable to quantifying any drug target via custom developed DNA aptamers and closely monitoring trial protocols for enrolleesandapos adherence The teamandapos s diagnostic system and preparation of its prototype consumable has been validated times for six different analytes including small molecule drug analytes In Phase I the team will develop a unique DNA aptamer as it has numerous times in the past to quantify a sub therapeutic dose of the non metabolized taggant acetazolamide ACZ in urine samples Development of an aptamer based handheld assay for ACZ in urine will enable rapid within minutes sensitive determination of ACZ for correlation with target drug levels thus aiding clinical trials compliance generating more accurate trial data improving FDA decisions and advancing the missions of both the FDA and NIDA In Phase II the team will further develop its ACZ aptamer assay and begin seeking FDA approval for it while expanding its repertoire of investigational drug and taggant aptamer assays for use in future clinical trials Development of a DNA Aptamer Based Electrochemical Assay for Acetazolamide in Urine Using a Handheld Biosensor for Compliance Validation in Clinical Drug Trials Noncompliance with clinical trials drug regimens affects the ability of the FDA to fairly judge a candidate drug and costs the pharmaceutical industry significant amounts of money each year which is often passed onto consumers in the form of higher drug prices By developing rapid sensitive and highly accurate on site POC methods and hardware for determination of sub therapeutic concentrations of a co formulated non metabolized compliance marker ACZ across the relevant dose range the pharmaceutical industry will be provided the potential of reducing clinical trials costs increasing FDA drug approval rates and safer prescription of approved drugs

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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