Novel nonclassical-light-assisted protocols for quantum key distribution

Award Information
Agency: Department of Defense
Branch: Air Force
Contract: FA9550-10-C-0081
Agency Tracking Number: F09B-T21-0130
Amount: $99,996.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: STTR
Awards Year: 2010
Solicitation Year: 2009
Solicitation Topic Code: AF09-BT21
Solicitation Number: 2009.B
Small Business Information
MathSense Analytics
1273 Sunny Oaks Circle, Altadena, CA, 91001
DUNS: 942370396
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Ulvi Yurtsever
 Principal
 (626) 437-1604
 ulvi@charter.net
Business Contact
 Ulvi Yurtsever
Title: Principal
Phone: (626) 437-1604
Email: ulvi@charter.net
Research Institution
 Louisiana State University
 James L Bates
 202 Himes Hall
Baton Rouge, LA, 70803
 (225) 578-2760
 Nonprofit college or university
Abstract
The key to making quantum key distribution practical (especially for free-space applications) is to be able to use weak laser pulses (WLP) instead of single photons, while at the same time making sure that any third party wanting to avoid detection and mount an eavesdropping attack is restricted to using beam-splitting rather than photon-number splitting (PNS). In this effort, we propose a novel scheme to restrict eavesdropping to the beam-splitting attack: the use of entangled light pulses randomly mixed with the WLP, where the WLP are used exactly as in the standard BB84 protocol. The key properties of quantum non-locality guarantee an expected finite degree of entanglement measured at the end of the protocol, provided all losses are due to beam-splitter type environmental interactions (or eavesdropping), whereas any attempt to mount a PNS attack would be detected immediately since it results in a complete loss of entanglement. According to our new protocol, BB84 with WLP would be applied only when a complete loss of entanglement is not detected, thus ensuring the absence of a PNS attack, and yielding a key generation rate far more favorable than BB84 alone. BENEFIT: While quantum key distribution is very recent technology in terms of commercial acceptance, it already has a significant potential market, both within the Federal Government, and in the private sector (such as large financial institutions). As the technology matures, the market for QKD implementations can be expected to top $200M annually. At present, the development of a detailed MathSense Analytics commercialization strategy will depend on the details of the results from our Phase I effort. If Phase I is successful, we will attempt to leverage potential Phase II funding with additional commercial capital sources.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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