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Development of CaSR nutrient therapy for childhood diarrhea

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: National Institutes of Health
Contract: 1R41HD092133-01
Agency Tracking Number: R41HD092133
Amount: $223,899.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: STTR
Solicitation Topic Code: NICHD
Solicitation Number: PA16-303
Solicitation Year: 2016
Award Year: 2017
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): 2017-04-01
Award End Date (Contract End Date): 2019-03-31
Small Business Information
3416 ASHWOOD DR, Bloomington, IN, 47401-9762
DUNS: 079455600
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 (352) 273-9350
Business Contact
Phone: (812) 369-1127
Research Institution
 219 Grinter Hall
GAINESVILLE, FL, 32611-5500
 Nonprofit college or university
Project Abstract Acute infectious diarrhea is a worldwide problem especially among infants young children and immune compromised patients Sadly million children die each year not because of the infections causing diarrhea but due to the associated dehydration The pro absorptive Oral Rehydration Solution ORS is the only recommended oral therapy for children with acute diarrhea yet it neither reduces diarrhea secretion nor alters the overly active enteric nerve ENS activity gut inflammation and dysbiosis key contributors to diarrhea The overarching question of this application is the following can we develop a novel anti diarrheal therapy that is as simple and has both pro absorptive and anti secretory properties while reducing ENS activity inflammation and microbial imbalance Based upon preliminary data Medosome Biotec LLC and its research partners at University of Florida hypothesize that the intestinal Calcium Sensing Receptor CaSR is a likely candidate target for developing such a therapeutic The preliminary data show that CaSR is expressed in the gut epithelium both in the absorbing surface epithelium and the secreting crypts Also CaSR is densely present in the ENS both in the fluid modulating submucosal plexus and the motility modulating myenteric plexus Using in vitro or ex vivo models it was observed that activating the CaSRs either by nutritional agonists e g calcium spermine or by chemical agonists e g R reversed cholera toxin induced fluid movement from secretion to absorption and reduced gut motility inflammation and dysbiosis Furthermore mice lacking the CaSR displayed increased intestinal permeability imbalanced microbiota and skewed immune responses from regulatory towards pro inflammatory This Phase I STTR project will use two mouse models of diarrhea i e cholera toxin model of secretory diarrhea and citrobacter model of infectious diarrhea to further examine diarrhea therapeutic potentials of CaSR activating nutrients agonists calcium orthosteric agonist spermine and tryptophan both allosteric and biased agonists Aim will examine efficacy and safety of increasing doses of calcium to define an optimal dose that produces maximal therapeutic and minimal adverse effects Aim will determine if adding spermine and or tryptophan to calcium adds additional efficacy and safety in treating diarrhea and dysbiosis The results from these studies will determine which strategy provides the best therapy for diarrhea single nutrient therapy vs combination therapy Once an optimal recipe composition and doses of the CaSR antidiarrheal therapy is defined it will be further tested in humans Phase II III studies The overall goal of the STTR project is to develop a novel widely available child friendly anti diarrheal therapy to complement current ORS for acute diarrhea If these studies are promising CaSR based therapies will have clinical utility in hundreds of millions of infants and children worldwide Project Relevance Despite vaccinations millions of infants and children die each year from acute infectious diarrhea not because of the infection but due to the associated diarrhea and or dysbiosis Medosome Biotec LLC and its research partners at University of Florida have newly discovered that the ancient Calcium Sensing Receptor in the gut is a potent anti diarrheal symbiosis preserving mechanism In this STTR the team proposes to use animal models of diarrhea and determine whether activating this mechanism with simple nutrient calcium spermine and tryptophan alone or in combinations reduces diarrhea and preserves microbial balance

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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