Cavitation Model for Turbopumps in Liquid Rocket Systems

Award Information
Agency: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Branch: N/A
Contract: NAS8-02098
Agency Tracking Number: 012459
Amount: $69,999.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2002
Solicitation Year: N/A
Solicitation Topic Code: N/A
Solicitation Number: N/A
Small Business Information
174 North Main Street, POB 1150, Dublin, PA, 18917
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Ashvin Hosangadi
 Principal Investigator
 (215) 249-9780
Business Contact
 Sanford Dash
Title: President & Chief Scientist
Phone: (215) 249-9780
Research Institution
An innovative model for simulating cavitation in liquid rocket turbopumps using cryogenic working fluids is proposed. The formulation is based on a compressible gas-liquid framework that accurately models the acoustics in a multi-phase mixture. This methodology was successfully applied, in our Phase I effort, to simulate cavitating inducer performance in water. Our Phase II effort will extend this formulation to cavitation in cryogenic fluids which exhibit, relative to water, far more complex physics; cryogenic pumps operate at temperatures closer to the critical temperature of the working fluid making thermodynamic effects important. The model will account for the variation in the properties of the fluid as a function of the local fluid temperature that may vary due to energy requirements of vaporization/condensation. It will be incorporated within the commercially marketed code CRUNCH CFD that has a multi-element unstructured framework and is ideally suited for complex turbomachine configurations. This framework will be used as a design support tool to analyze inducer designs and in particular determine the suction specific speed at which head breakdown occurs. The limited reliability of current design tools in cavitating flow regimes makes this innovation a useful tool for turbomachine designers.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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