Modeling Unsteady Cavitation Effects and Dynamic Loads in Cryogenic Systems

Award Information
Agency: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Branch: N/A
Contract: NNM04AA62C
Agency Tracking Number: 033132
Amount: $69,997.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2004
Solicitation Year: 2003
Solicitation Topic Code: A4.06
Solicitation Number: N/A
Small Business Information
Combustion Research and Flow Technology,
6210 Keller's Church Road, Pipersville, PA, 18947-1020
DUNS: 929950012
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Ashvin Hosangadi
 Principal Investigator
 (215) 766-1520
 hosangad@craft-tech.com
Business Contact
 Paula Schachter
Title: Business Official
Phone: (215) 766-1520
Email: schachte@craft-tech.com
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
There currently are no analytical or CFD tools that can reliably predict unsteady cavitation dynamics in liquid rocket cryogenic systems. Analysis of cavitating cryogenic systems presents a challenge, and is poorly understood, because the phase change process couples with the temperature fluctuations in the fluid. In particular when large scale flow unsteadiness is present at low-flow, off-design conditions, this coupling can lead to significant enhancement of vaporization and possibly lead to cavitation instabilities. These large amplitude, dynamic loads can interact with other system components and cause severe damage. The innovation proposed here is the development of an unsteady numerical framework that can predict amplitudes and frequencies of dynamic pressure loads in cryogenic fluids. This innovation will address the inclusion of advanced unsteady cavitation models, validation for pressure fluctuations in cryogenic fluids, and development of unsteady boundary conditions for coupling the turbopump to other system components. An experimental program will be set up in the Phase II effort to obtain unsteady flow data for code validation. The resulting product, a specialized version of the multi-element unstructured CRUNCH CFD code, will be a well-validated and reliable analysis tool that can be used to predict unsteady, off-design performance of liquid rocket turbopumps.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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