Heat-Exchanger for High Specific Impulse Maneuvering

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Defense
Branch
Missile Defense Agency
Amount:
$49,520.00
Award Year:
1992
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
n/a
Agency Tracking Number:
18071
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
Combustion Sciences, Inc.
501 S. Sixth Street, Champaign, IL, 61820
Hubzone Owned:
N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
John W. Black
(217) 356-4497
Business Contact:
() -
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
Strategic defense missions place a premium on the performance capabilities of onboard propulsion systems. An innovative technique for producing very high impulse at excellent thrust-to-weight ratios is known as laser-powered heat-exchanger propulsion. A remotely stationed high power laser is used to heat a propellent gas within a rocket engine, and the heated gas is exhausted to generate thrust at very high specific impulses. Until now, laser propulsion research has focussed on the use of high-temperature plasmas to convert laser energy into propellant heat. CSI's approach will use a direct-absorption "heat exchanger" as the conversion mechanism, a technique which is far less complex yet offers specific impulse performance in the range of 500-1000 seconds. Such a propulsion system can increase the payload capacity of on-orbit orbital transfer vehicles, or can enhance the range capability of ground-based interceptors.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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