Improved Fruit Juice Concentration Process

Award Information
Agency: Department of Agriculture
Branch: N/A
Contract: 2002-33610-11807
Agency Tracking Number: 2002-00250
Amount: $80,000.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2002
Solicitation Year: N/A
Solicitation Topic Code: N/A
Solicitation Number: N/A
Small Business Information
325 Water Street, Wilmington, DE, 19804
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 John Bowser
 Director of New Technology
 (302) 999-7996
Business Contact
 Stuart Nemser
Title: President
Phone: (302) 999-7996
Research Institution
Concentration of fruit juices is a valuable unit operation. The current preferred method of juice concentration is triple effect evaporation. This technique cannot concentrate to high (75%) solids content without (1) developing a burnt taste to the sugar content and (2) driving off the low molecular weight hydrocarbons that provide most of the flavor and aroma difference between fresh and frozen concentrated juice. The need for a gentler process continues to be a major need associated with juice concentration. While membrane processes (reverse osmosis, ultrafiltration) offer excellent opportunity for avoiding exposure to high temperature they have complications associated with irreversible interactions between membrane and juice components. Osmotic distillation (popular term for isothermal membrane distillation) is a process for removing water by water vapor transport across a non-wetted microporous membrane using concentrated salt solution to dewater the juice. While this process works well initially, surfactants and oils in juices tend to wet out the membrane, plus high viscosity concentrate builds up at surface, and performance is lost. In this osmotic distillation program we will develop high water flux hydrophobic and organophobic non-porous coating for microporous hydrophobic membranes that should have sufficient water vapor transport and should eliminate significant concern for membrane wetting out. Enhanced system design will minimize concentration polarization.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

Agency Micro-sites

SBA logo
Department of Agriculture logo
Department of Commerce logo
Department of Defense logo
Department of Education logo
Department of Energy logo
Department of Health and Human Services logo
Department of Homeland Security logo
Department of Transportation logo
Environmental Protection Agency logo
National Aeronautics and Space Administration logo
National Science Foundation logo
US Flag An Official Website of the United States Government