Development of a Commercial Platform for Discovery and Validation of Key Microbial Metabolites in CNS Disorders

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: National Institutes of Health
Contract: 1R44DA043954-01
Agency Tracking Number: R44DA043954
Amount: $149,499.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2017
Solicitation Year: 2017
Solicitation Topic Code: NIDA
Solicitation Number: DA17-017
Small Business Information
1700 OWENS ST STE 530, San Francisco, CA, 94158-0007
DUNS: 961590895
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 SHOKO IWAI
 (650) 440-4606
 shoko@secondgenome.com
Business Contact
 KARIM DABBAGH
Phone: (650) 440-4606
Email: karim@secondgenome.com
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
ABSTRACT Despite a wealth of continued funding and ever emerging advancements in diagnostic and therapeutic technologies the burden of central nervous system CNS disorders remains substantial The cost of Substance Use Disorder SUD alone is estimated at andgt $ billion The findings of numerous efforts tasked with identifying risk factors and causative agents of SUD suggest that vulnerability to dependence is a complex phenotype influenced by both genetics and environmental factors Autism Spectrum Disorder ASD also appears to be largely impacted by both genetic and environmental factors more specifically the gut microbiome Recent studies have demonstrated that autism and SUD share common neural networks and molecular signaling pathways Several of the gene products associated with the ASD phenotype e g synaptic cell adhesion molecules in the striatum and basal ganglia affect synaptic transmission between neurons which has also been implicated in the addiction and reward system In addition adults afflicted with high functioning autism exhibit greater susceptibility to drug dependence We hypothesize that advancing the current state of knowledge regarding ASD with particular regard to the attributes shared with drug addiction will inspire the conceptualization and development of novel therapeutic interventions to correct common elements of striatal dysfunction Testing this hypothesis will require a validated turn key platform enabling customers the ability to ship clinical fecal samples from affected and unaffected subjects and receive a list of metabolites mediated by microbiome functions and a pre clinical in vivo data package deciphering the phenotypic modulation of the CNS disease With the funding received through this award we will design develop and commercialize a robust CNS microbiome interplay CMI platform based service that will enable i elucidation of novel microbiome mediated targets in CNS diseases including metabolites proteins and peptides ii pre clinical data collection in standardized animal models quantifying the influence of microbial bioactive molecules and iii application across a wide range of therapeutic areas such as SUD and ASD The CMI platform based service offering will allow medical and pharmaceutical pharma customers i e our target market to rapidly define diagnostic and therapeutic targets from clinical samples and deduce pre clinical efficacy estimates sans investment in venture capital or complex infrastructure Project Narrative The major problem confronting medical and pharmaceutical Randamp D companies is the difficulty involved with building and maintaining an infrastructure amenable to extensive omics enterprises Second Genome will serve the academic and pharmaceutical Randamp D community by offering a validated turn key platform enabling customers the ability to ship clinical fecal samples from affected and unaffected subjects and receive back as a product a list of metabolites mediated by microbiome functions and a pre clinical in vivo data package demonstrating phenotypic modulation of Central Nervous System disorders Funding received from this SBIR grant will be used to create and validate this platform

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

Agency Micro-sites

SBA logo
Department of Agriculture logo
Department of Commerce logo
Department of Defense logo
Department of Education logo
Department of Energy logo
Department of Health and Human Services logo
Department of Homeland Security logo
Department of Transportation logo
Environmental Protection Agency logo
National Aeronautics and Space Administration logo
National Science Foundation logo
US Flag An Official Website of the United States Government