DEVELOPMENT OF A CONSTRUCT MEASUREMENT SYSTEM FOR READING

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Health and Human Services
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$458,000.00
Award Year:
1986
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase II
Contract:
n/a
Award Id:
3119
Agency Tracking Number:
3119
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
4125 Chapel Hill Blvd., Durham, NC, 27707
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
A. Jackson Stenner
Principal Investigator
(919) 493-4567
Business Contact:
() -
Research Institute:
n/a
Abstract
READING COMPREHENSION IS CONSIDERED ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT SKILLS IN OUR SOCIETY, YET THERE HAS BEEN A PAUCITY OF RESEARCH IN DEVELOPING CONSTRUCT VALID INSTRUMENTS TO MEASURE IT. THE OBJECTIVE OF THE PROPOSED STUDY IS TO DEVELOP A STATE-OF-THE-ART CONSTRUCT MEASUREMENT SYSTEM FOR READING COMPREHENSION. THE CAPABILITY TO DEVELOP SUCH A MEASUREMENT SYSTEM IS MADE POSSIBLE THROUGH THE ITEM ENGINEERING METHODOLOGY DEVELOPED BY STENNER, SMITH, AND BURDICK (1983). THE CENTRAL THEME OF THE METHODOLOGY IS SIMPLE, YET ELEGANT: UNTIL WE UNDERSTAND WHAT CHARACTERISTICS OR FEATURES OF TEST ITEMS ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR MAKING ITEMS DIFFICULT OR EASY, WE DO NOT REALLY KNOW WHAT WE ARE MEASURING. ONCE THE FEATURES OF TEST ITEMS RESPONSIBLE FOR THEIR DIFFICULTY HAVE BEEN SPECIFIED, IT BECOMES POSSIBLE TO TRULY ""ENGINEER'' TEST ITEMS. EMPLOYING THIS METHODOLOGY TO THE MEASUREMENT OF READING COMPREHENSION, THE FOLLOWING TASKS WILL BE ACHIEVED: 1. DEVELOPMENT OF A MICROCOMPUTER BASED MODEL FOR ASSESSING WRITTEN DISCOURSE. 2. DEVELOPMENT OF 300 MINIPASSAGE ITEMS THAT WILL SPAN 3. DESIGN PLAN FOR CREATING A RICH CRITERION AND NORMATIVE FRAME OF REFERENCE FOR THE SCALE. SCALE SCORES FOR READING TASKS AND PEOPLE ARE REPORTED IN ""LEXILES'' WHICH ARE OPERATIONALLY DEFINED AS 1/900 OF THE DISTANCE BETWEEN THE READING COMPREHENSION LEVEL OF PRIMERS AND GROLLIER'S THE ENCYCLOPEDIA AMERICANA. LEXILES MAY BE INTERPRETED FROM A NORMATIVE FRAME OF REFERENCE (PERSON COMPARISON) OR A CRITERION FRAME OF REFERENCE (TASK COMPARISON).

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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