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Raising the Therapeutic Index of Photodynamic Therapy with Targeted Nanosyringes

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: National Institutes of Health
Contract: 1R41CA221420-01
Agency Tracking Number: R41CA221420
Amount: $299,945.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: STTR
Solicitation Topic Code: 102
Solicitation Number: PA16-303
Timeline
Solicitation Year: 2016
Award Year: 2017
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): 2017-09-05
Award End Date (Contract End Date): 2019-09-04
Small Business Information
3913 TODD LANE, SUITE 310, Austin, TX, 78744-1057
DUNS: 830066440
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 RYAN DESCHNER
 (512) 799-9054
 ryan.deschner@nanohybrids.net
Business Contact
 KIMBERLY HOMAN
Phone: (512) 799-9054
Email: ryan.deschner@nanohybrids.net
Research Institution
 MASSACHUSETTS GENERAL HOSPITAL
 55 FRUIT STREET
BOSTON, MA, 02114-2696
 Domestic nonprofit research organization
Abstract
ABSTRACT Current clinical photodynamic therapy PDT is an effective cancer treatment that is non invasive and low cost but it has yet to become a mainstream frontline treatment The clinical efficacy of PDT in solid tumors depends on significant accumulation of the photosensitizer PS at the tumor site availability of oxygen near the photosensitizer and effective dosing of the drug light combination Our new platform for delivery and imaging of photosensitizers entitled nano enabled PDT nePDT will enhance all three of these areas raising PDT s therapeutic index and enabling PDT to reach its full clinical potential nePDT comprises a core of oxygen rich liquid perfluorocarbon PFC containing indocyanine green ICG dye stabilized by a lipid shell which houses the photosensitizer PS and also provides binding sites for cancer cell targeting antibodies The ICG dye is used to trigger a liquid to gas phase change of the PFC which serves two purposes it delivers PS and additional O to the cell cytosol acting as a nanosyringe and the vaporization event creates a giant acoustic transient which can be detected using combined photoacoustic and ultrasound PAUS imaging and used to visualize the distribution of drug delivery at the tumor site From the rich D spatial information received by PAUS imaging of the drug distribution light intensity and duration dosimetry for effective PDT can be calculated This personalized dosimetry will ensure patients receive the correct therapy dose customized for their tumor The promise of PDT to provide localized therapy with minimal residual damage or side effects to healthy tissues is remarkable We are excited to introduce this new nePDT platform that will enhance specific delivery of PS to the tumor increase efficacy of therapy through O delivery especially to hypoxic tumors and ultimately create a personalized patient specific dose enabled by PAUS imaging While PDT has the potential to treat a variety of diseases we chose head and neck cancer generally and specifically oral cancer for an initial target application due to the unmet clinical need for minimal intervention minimal scarring to reduce cosmetic and functional defects and the superficial location of these tumors which provides light accessibility nePDT is a revolutionary new nanoplatform capable of removing the roadblocks to widespread therapeutic efficacy and clinical success for PDT NARRATIVE Current clinical photodynamic therapy PDT is an effective cancer treatment that is non invasive and low cost but it has yet to become a mainstream frontline cancer therapy The clinical efficacy of PDT in solid tumors depends on significant accumulation of the photosensitizer PS at the tumor site availability of oxygen near the photosensitizer and effective dosing of the drug light combination Our new platform for delivery and imaging of photosensitizers entitled nano enabled PDT nePDT will significantly enhance all three of these areas enabling PDT to reach its full clinical potential

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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