Monoclonal lamprey VLR antibodies specific for mucin type O linked glycan core structures

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: National Institutes of Health
Contract: 1R41GM126590-01
Agency Tracking Number: R41GM126590
Amount: $136,166.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: STTR
Solicitation Topic Code: 300
Solicitation Number: PA16-158
Solicitation Year: 2016
Award Year: 2017
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): 2017-09-20
Award End Date (Contract End Date): 2018-12-31
Small Business Information
1860 MONTREAL ROAD, Tucker, GA, 30084-5709
DUNS: 079083146
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 (617) 803-9630
Business Contact
Phone: (617) 803-9630
Research Institution
ATLANTA, GA, 30322-4250
 Nonprofit college or university
PROJECT SUMMARY We will develop and commercialize to the research community a new class of glycan specific binding reagents that incorporate the recognition function of variable lymphocyte receptors VLRs the antigen receptors of the adaptive immune system of jawless vertebrates lamprey and hagfish Such reagents are essential to detecting localizing quantifying and establishing biological function s of specific glycans in normal and disease cells and tissues and may additionally lead to development of new diagnostic and therapeutic modalities The current absence of such reagents is a significant barrier to further advancing an understanding the role of glycans in health and disease VLRs are composed of tandemly arranged highly diverse leucine rich repeat LRR structural motifs with diversity comparable to the human immunoglobulin Ig antibody repertoire and possess a distinctive more rigid binding site geometry vs Ig antibodies that is entirely contained within a single polypeptide structure Vertebrates split into jawless and jawed vertebrate lineages approximately million years ago The evolutionary separation of jawless vertebrates from humans and other mammals and the distinctive binding site geometry of VLRs potentially provide novel specificities and functions not accessed with Ig antibodies This expectation is supported by the discovery of VLRs that bind carbohydrate antigens with affinity and specificity superior to that typically achieved with Ig antibodies and indicate that VLRs are uniquely well suited to binding and discriminating glycan structures The lamprey VLR based immune system is potentially a transformative technology for the rapid high throughput production of specific binding reagents for the diverse glycan structures that comprise the human glycome With this phase STTR application we will initiate this application of the lamprey VLR based immune system by demonstrating that lamprey can be immunized to produce VLRs that specifically bind and discriminate each of the four most common mucin type O linked glycan core structures in humans In our follow on phase studies we will express these VLRs in a form that facilitates use for detecting quantifying and modulating the functions of the four mucin type O linked glycan core structures and provide these reagents to the research community PROJECT NARRATIVE Glycans participate in diverse functions including cell adhesion and trafficking protein folding stability and localization membrane integrity and cellular signaling Glycans directly regulate both innate and adaptive immunity and are frequently aberrant in cancerous cells and promote tumor progression The goal of studies proposed in this application is to develop and commercialize to the research community glycan binding reagents with which to detect localize quantify and modulate function s of glycans to facilitate a better understanding of the role of glycans in health and disease

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

US Flag An Official Website of the United States Government