AVIONICS

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Defense
Branch
Air Force
Amount:
$74,876.00
Award Year:
1986
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
n/a
Award Id:
3821
Agency Tracking Number:
3821
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
7700 Leesburg Pike - Ste 421, Falls Church, VA, 22043
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
DR MARVIN S COHEN
(703) 790-0510
Business Contact:
() -
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
THE SUCCESSFUL INTRODUCTION OF AI TECHNOLOGY INTO AIR FORCE AVIONICS HAS BEEN HINDERED BY THE NEED FOR HUMAN-COMPUTER INTERFACES WHICH REPRESENT INFORMATION IN WAYS THAT ARE COMPATIBLE WITH THE PILOT'S PREFERRED MEANS OF REPRESENTING INFORMATION AND MAKING DECISIONS. DSC'S HYPOTHESIS IS THAT RECENT RESEARCH IN THE FIELDS OF MENTAL MODELS, HUMAN DECISION BEHAVIOR, AND DECISION AID DESIGN CAN SHED LIGHT ON HOW ADAPTIVE DISPLAYS OF THE REQUIRED KIND MIGHT BE DEVELOPED. RESEARCH ON MENTAL MODELS HAS IDENTIFIED NOT ONLY PHYSICAL (E.G., SPATIAL OR TEMPORAL) MODELS USED BY HUMANS TO REPRESENT KNOWLEDGE, BUT ALSO CONCEPTUAL MODELS PORTRAYING ABSTRACT RELATIONSHIPS LIKE UNCERTAINTY OR DEGREE OF TRUTH. RESEARCH ON DECISION MAKING HAS IDENTIFIED SOURCES OF HUMAN ERROR OR BIAS INHERENT IN THE UNAIDED USE OF NATURAL HUMAN KNOWLEDGE STRUCTURES. FINALLY, RESEARCH ON DECISION AIDING HAS RECENTLY SHOWN HOW DECISION-AIDING SYSTEMS CAN BE BOTH PERSONALIZED, CATERING TO AN INDIVIDUAL'S PERSONAL COGNITIVE STYLE, AND PRESCRIPTIVE, I.E., PROTECTING USERS FROM ERRORS TO WHICH THEIR PREFERRED METHODS OF KNOWLEDGE REPRESENTATION AND PROBLEM SOLVING MIGHT LEAD. THREE TASKS ARE PROPOSED: (1) EXAMINATION OF RELEVANT CONCEPTS FROM THE ABOVE FIELD; (2) DEVELOPMENT OF INTERACTIVE PILOT DISPLAY DESIGN CONCEPTS; AND (3) IMPLEMENTATION AND PRELIMINARY TESTING OF THOSE CONCEPTS IN A SMALL-SCALE SYSTEM.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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