A FORMAL APPROACH TO TEACHING CHILDREN DECISION-MAKING SKILLS

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Health and Human Services
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$371,000.00
Award Year:
1988
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase II
Contract:
n/a
Award Id:
7191
Agency Tracking Number:
7191
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
7700 Leesburg Pike Suite 421, Falls Church, VA, 22043
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
Rex V Brown Phd
(703) 790-0510
Business Contact:
() -
Research Institute:
n/a
Abstract
PERSONALIZED DECISION ANALYSIS (PDA), BASED ON THE MAXIMIZATION OF SUBJECTIVE EXPECTED UTILITY, IS ACADEMICALLY WELL ESTABLISHED AS A NORMATIVE MODEL OF DECISION MAKING. PRACTITIONERS WORKING ON REAL DECISIONS HAVE RECENTLY DEVELOPED VARIANTS THAT HAVE PROVEN TO BE USEFUL PRESCRIPTIVE TOOLS FOR PROFESSIONAL DECISION MAKERS. BASED ON COGNITIVE AND EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY RESEARCH, IT IS HYPOTHESIZED THAT, WITH SOME ADAPTATION, THESE TOOLS CAN BE TAUGHT TO MIDDLE SCHOOL CHILDREN AND ENHANCE THEIR INFORMAL DECISION-MAKING SKILLS THROUGHOUT THEIR LIVES. IT IS PROPOSED TO VALIDATE THAT HYPOTHESIS BY DESIGNING COURSE MATERIAL, EXERCISING IT IN TWO OR THREE SCHOOLS IN THE WASHINGTON AND PHILADELPHIA AREAS, AND TESTING ITS EFFICACY ON SIMULATED DECISION TASKS. SPECIFIC STUDENT SKILLS TO BE ENHANCED INCLUDE: INTERNALIZED PATTERNS OF THINKING THAT UNDERLIE EVERYDAY DECISIONS; MAJOR PERSONAL DECISIONS REQUIRING DELIBERATE ANALYSIS; PARTICIPATION IN CONTROVERSIAL PUBLIC DECISIONS; CONTRIBUTING TO FAMILY DECISION PROCESSES; AND COUNSELING OTHERS. SCIENTIFIC ADVANCES IN PRESCRIPTIVE DECISION THEORY AND PEDAGOGICAL THEORY ARE EXPECTED.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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