Diamond-Hardfaced WC/Co-Cr Nanocomposites for Extended Service Life of Pump Bearings in Geothermal Wells

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Energy
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$749,744.00
Award Year:
2009
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase II
Contract:
DE-FG02-08ER85139
Agency Tracking Number:
n/a
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
Diamond Materials Inc.
120 Centennial Avenue, Piscataway, NJ, 08854
Hubzone Owned:
N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
938685963
Principal Investigator:
Oleg Voronov
Dr.
(732) 885-0805
oavoronov@aol.com
Business Contact:
Oleg Voronov
Dr.
(732) 885-0805
oavoronov@aol.com
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
Renewable energy sources include electrical generators driven by steam from geothermal wells. To exploit this resource, submersible pumps with extended service lives are required to improve the economics of today¿s geothermal systems. A major problem is corrosive wear experienced by the pump bearings, when the lubricating brine becomes contaminated with fine sand particles. Typically, the bearings are hardfaced with WC/Co-Cr, which can resist degradation only when no sand is present. Thus, the bearings fall far short of the desired 5-10 years lifetimes. This project will develop diamond-hardfaced carbide-metal nanocomposites, in which a compositionally-graded layer of diamond nanoparticles is bonded to a nanostructured carbide-metal substrate. The graded coating/substrate interface resists coating spallation over the long term, even when the original geothermal brine becomes contaminated with entrained sand particles. Phase I fabricated a diamond-hardfaced WC/Co-Cr nanocomposite, in which a functionally-graded layer of diamond nanoparticles was bonded to a nanostructured WC/Co-Cr substrate. In Phase II, extensive materials characterization and mechanical properties studies will be performed.Commercial Applications and other Benefits as described by the awardee: The nanocomposite structure would exhibit mechanical properties advantages that include higher hardness and compressive strength, as well as improved fracture toughness. Beyond the application to geothermal wells, other potential commercial applications for diamond-hardfaced nanocomposites include machine tools, drill bits, and wear parts.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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