Quantum Dot Spectrum Converters for Enhanced High Efficiency Photovoltaics

Award Information
Agency:
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$69,994.00
Award Year:
2006
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
NNC06CA64C
Award Id:
77517
Agency Tracking Number:
054873
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
7740 Kenamar Court, San Diego, CA, 92121
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
838266369
Principal Investigator:
TheodoreStern
Principal Investigator
(858) 677-1230
tstern@drtechnologies.com
Business Contact:
StevenSherman
V. P., Business Administration
(858) 677-1226
ssherman@drtechnologies.com
Research Institute:
n/a
Abstract
This research proposes to enhance solar cell efficiency, radiation resistance and affordability. The Quantum Dot Spectrum Converter (QDSC) disperses quantum dots into the transparent silicone layer that normally functions as coverglass adhesive. The Quantum Dots (QD) act as a fluorescent spectrum converter for solar cells, to allow the use of the 20-50% of the solar spectrum unavailable to today's highest efficiency solar cells. By selecting QD's of particular compositions and sizes, we customize absorption and emission spectra to down-convert UV photons, including multiple exciton generation, and up-convert IR photons in a multiple photon process. This approach overcomes the fundamental 'red-loss' and 'blue-loss' limitations, allowing more efficiency from conventional single- and multi-bandgap photovoltaic devices. We also explore the use of a QDSC in a non-tracking fluorescent concentrator for enhancing flux and shielding for solar cells and in thermophotovoltaic systems as a means of enhancing efficiency while eliminating selective emitters. These approaches address the topic need for significantly improved efficiency and radiation hardening for deep space missions ? the QDSC can significantly enhance conversion efficiency of qualified, high-efficiency cells, while its implementation in a luminescent or thermophotovoltaic concentrator allows solar cells to be shielded from adverse radiation and thermal environments.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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