A SIMPLE DEVICE FOR ASSESSING NUTRITIONAL STATUS

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Health and Human Services
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$261,955.00
Award Year:
1985
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase II
Contract:
n/a
Award Id:
1380
Agency Tracking Number:
1380
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
20 Assembly Square Drive, Somerville, MA, 02145
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
Fraser Walsh
President
() -
Business Contact:
() -
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
THE USE OF (13)C-LABELED TRACERS IN NUTRITIONAL STATUS ASSESSMENT HAS RECENTLY RECEIVED INCREASED ATTENTION. BREATH TESTS USING LOW-COST (13)C-LABELED TRACERS ARE EMERGING, ALONG WITH BREATH TESTS IN GENERAL IN METABOLIC MONITORING, AS USEFUL CLINICAL TOOLS IN THE STUDY OF NUTRITIONAL DISORDERS IN A MANNER COMPATIBLE WITH AN OUT-PATIENT SETTING. IN SUCH TESTS, THE (13)CO2/(12)CO2 IS MEASURED IN BREATH FOLLOWING (13)C-LABELED TRACER INGESTION: THE RATE AND AMOUNT OF (13)CO2 RELEASE CAN BE USED AS A QUANTITATIVE MEASURE TO DISCRIMINATE BETWEEN NORMALS AND PATIENTS. A LIMITING FACTOR TO THE ROUTINE USE OF SUCH PATIENT-EASY TESTS IS THE ABSENCE OF A CONVENIENT, LOW-COST ANALYTICAL TOOL FOR MEASURING (13)CO2/(12)CO2 IN BREATH. THE PROPOSED PHASE I PROGRAM WILL BE DIRECTED TOWARD PROVIDING THE DATA REQUIRED TO INITIALLY VALIDATE THE USE OF A NEW IR-BASED INSTRUMENT IN DIRECT MEASUREMENT OF (13)CO2/(12)CO2 IN BREATH. THIS NEW RATIO INFRARED SPECTROMETER (RIS) USES A HIGHLY REFLECTIVE LIGHT PIPE AS A LOW VOLUME (5 CC) SAMPLE CELL. THE IR-SOURCE IS DIRECTED AT A SLIGHT ANGLE TO THE AXIS OF THIS LIGHT PIPE; THE LIGHT PIPE THUS ALSO SERVES AS A LONG-PASS WHITE CELL WITHOUT THE BULK AND COST NORMALLY ASSOCIATED WITH SUCH A CELL. A BEAM SPLITTER AND THREE PYROELECTRIC DETECTORS ARE USED IN THE RIS TO GIVE SIMULTANEOUS MEASUREMENT AT (13)CO2, (12)CO2 AND REFERENCE WAVELENGTHS. INITIAL WORK DONE BY TRACER WITH THE RIS HAS SHOWN ITS REPEATABILITY IN SAMPLE MEASUREMENT TO BE 1.3 APE FOR (13)C OVER THE CO2 RANGE OF 2 - 6 VOL . IN PHASE I, THE RIS WILL BE MODIFIED TO PERMIT USE OF A LOW VOLUME (25 CC) GAS SYRINGE AS A SAMPLING DEVICE. USING THIS MODIFIED DEVICE, CORRECTION ALGORITHMS WILL BE DEVELOPED TO ACCOUNT FOR THE OBSERVED NON-LINEARITY IN CO2 RESPONSE; THESE ALGORITHMS WILL BE VARIFIED USING REFERENCE SAMPLES ANALYZED BY A RATIO MASS SPECTROMETER (RMS). INITIAL VALIDATION OF THE RIS AS THE INSTRUMENT OF CHOICE IN BREATH TESTS FOR SCREENING IN NUTRITIONAL STATUS ASSESSMENT WILL BE UNDERTAKEN USING BREATH SAMPLES FROM NORMALS AND PATIENTS. SUCCESSFUL COMPLETION OF PHASE I WILL LEAD TO A PHASE II PROGRAM IN WHICH IN-FIELD RIS VALIDATION IS CARRIED OUT IN COLLABORATION WITH CLINICIANS PRESENTLY EVALUATING BREATH TESTS IN NUTRITIONAL STATUS ASSESSMENT.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

Agency Micro-sites


SBA logo

Department of Agriculture logo

Department of Commerce logo

Department of Defense logo

Department of Education logo

Department of Energy logo

Department of Health and Human Services logo

Department of Homeland Security logo

Department of Transportation logo

Enviromental Protection Agency logo

National Aeronautics and Space Administration logo

National Science Foundation logo
US Flag An Official Website of the United States Government