Bi2212 Superconductors for High-Power Density Motors for Aero Propulsion
Phone: (978) 808-9016
Phone: (978) 808-9016
Future hybrid aircraft, such as NASA’s N3-X plan, will require all-superconducting electric motors and generators in order to achieve power density in excess of 10 kW/kg. Unlike the DC rotor, the stator must operate in AC mode, for example, from 0-0.5 T at 120 Hz, making it impossible to use high temperature superconducting (HTS) tapes due to their high losses in transient fields, requiring instead HTS in narrow wire, fine-filament form and cabled into a low-loss transposed form. Our innovation consists of an all-HTS, lightweight high power motor, in which the stator coils are wound with our unique low loss, transposed cables, that is in turn comprised of our novel, strong, low loss, small diameter 2212 wires – not wide tapes, where the wires are sufficiently narrow, have sufficiently fine filaments with enhanced matrix resistances between them, and axial twist for the required low losses in transient field conditions while providing the operating current density and field distributions at 20 K for achieving > 10 kW/kg specific power that has been specified in NASA Subtopic A1.07. As the first step, an optimized, practical design will be developed for an all-superconducting, strong Bi-2212 wire-based machine using a state of the art design approach. As the second step, 2212-based wire and cabled conductor samples for characterization of critical properties will be fabricated in part by building on the results from step one, and also from prior work completed by Solid Material Solutions on reducing ramped field losses in 2212 wires and cables. As the third step, properties of the cables and constituent wires will be tested , including critical current at 20 K and in fields from 0 T to 5 T. As the final step, the results will be utilized to develop a 2212-based conductor, stator and motor design that incorporates features for attaining the target ac loss levels, while also meeting all the other requirements, like strength, Je and manufacturability.
* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *