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Capacitive removal of PFOA and PFOS from Drinking Water

Award Information
Agency: Environmental Protection Agency
Branch: N/A
Contract: 68HE0D18C0020
Agency Tracking Number: B171A-0009
Amount: $99,878.49
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Solicitation Topic Code: 17-NCER-1A
Solicitation Number: SOL-NC-17-00028
Solicitation Year: 2017
Award Year: 2018
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): 2018-10-01
Award End Date (Contract End Date): 2019-03-31
Small Business Information
200 Yellow Place
Rockledge, FL 32955-5327
United States
DUNS: 175302579
HUBZone Owned: No
Woman Owned: No
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: No
Principal Investigator
 Philip Cox
 Senior Scientist
 (321) 631-3550
Business Contact
 Michael Rizzo
Title: Chief Financial Officer
Phone: (321) 631-3550
Research Institution

Polyfluoroalkyl and perfluoroalkyl compounds (PFCs) have been used commercially since the 1940’s due to their high level of chemical stability, almost frictionless surface or waterproofing characteristics. Elevated levels of PFCs have been linked to cancer and other health problems including reproductive and developmental risks. PFOA and PFOS are amongst the most prevalent of the PFCs with low levels been found in everyone blood especially in areas where the drinking water contains high levels of PFOA/PFOS due to industrial activity. The EPA has established a limit of less than 70 ng/L. A range of approaches have been investigated to remove PFCs. While these can be effective they have issues and there is need for improved and flexible solution for removing them from drinking water and capturing the PFOA/PFOS so it can be destroyed and removed from the environment. In the Phase I, Mainstream proposes to leverage our high performance capacitive deionization technology for the removal of PFCs from drinking water. The Mainstream CDI technology has been shown to be an energy efficient, high performance approach for the removal of low levels of ions from aqueous solutions. In the proposed Phase I, Mainstream will modify our electrode system to optimize the adsorption of PFOA and PFOS from drinking water. In Phase I, we use of capacitive deionization system to optimize the adsorption rate and process conditions for the removal and the concentration of the rejected PFOA/PFOS molecules. Mainstream CDI system allows the rejection of the retained species into a concentrate waste stream thereby increasing the process efficiency, maximizing environmental benefit and lowering the overall process costs. In Phase II, Mainstream expects build prototype demonstration units for the continuous clean-up of drinking waters with high PFOA/PFOS levels.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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