A NOVEL ABSORPTION-COGENERATION CYCLE

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Energy
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$50,000.00
Award Year:
1989
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
n/a
Award Id:
10922
Agency Tracking Number:
10922
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
Energy Concepts Co (Currently ENERGY CONCEPTS CO., LLC)
627 Ridgely Ave, Annapolis, MD, 21401
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
Mr Donald C Erickson
Principal Investigator
(301) 266-6521
Business Contact:
() -
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
TYPICALLY, A COGENERATION SYSTEM DESIGNER MUST CHOOSE BETWEEN A RECIPROCATING ENGINE, WHICH YIELDS EXCELLENT ELECTRICAL EFFICIENCY BUT LOW USEFUL THERMAL OUTPUT OR A GASTURBINE, WHICH YIELDS A LARGE THERMAL OUTPUT BUT LESS ELECTRICITY. THE PROPOSED IMPROVEMENT, WHEN APPLIED TO A RECIPROCATING ENGINE COGENERATION SYSTEM, INCREASES THE USEFUL THERMAL OUTPUT BY ABOUT 50% WITHOUT DECREASING THE ELECTRICAL OUPUT. IT BOOSTS THE OVERALL EFFICIENCY OF RECIPROCATING ENGINE COGENERATION SYSTEMS BY ABOUT 20%. IN MANY COGENERATION APPLICATIONS (E.G., HOSPITALS), HEAT MUST BE SUPPLIED AT ABOVE 260 DEGREES FAHRENHEIT IN ORDER TO BE USEFUL. IN THESE APPLICATIONS, ONLY THE EXHAUST HEAT OF A RECIPROCATING ENGINE COGENERATOR IS RECOVERED, WHILE THE HEAT IN THE ENGINE COOLING WATER IS DISCARDED. THE METHOD TO BE EMPLOYED IN THIS PROJECT USES AN ABSORPTION HEAT PUMP TO RAISE THE TEMPERATURE OF THE HEAT IN THE COOLING WATER TOA USEFUL LEVEL. THE HEAT PUMP IS DRIVEN BY THE ENGINE'S EXHAUST HEAT. THE NET RESULT IS THAT THE SYSTEM DELIVERS ABOUT 50% MORE STEAM AT 260 DEGREES TO 320 DEGREES FAHRENHEIT THAN WOULD OTHERWISE BE POSSIBLE. THIS IS ACCOMPLISHED WITHOUT INCREASING FUEL CONSUMPTION OR DECREASING THE SYSTEM'S ELECTRICAL OUTPUT. THE IMPROVEMENT IS BASED ON A NEW ABSORPTION CYCLE WORKING FLUID. THIS FLUID, CALLED ALKITRATE, HAS ALREADY ACHIEVED THE HIGH TEMPERATURES (500 DEGREES FAHRENHEIT) REQUIRED FOR THIS APPLICATION IN A LABORATORY HEAT PUMP. PHASE I RELATES TO THE EFFICIENT INTERFACE OF THE ENGINE WITH THE HEAT PUMP. A NOVEL, PATENTED, DOUBLY OPEN ABSORPTION CYCLE WILL BE INVESTIGATED.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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