BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTION OF HYDROGEN

Award Information
Agency: Department of Energy
Branch: N/A
Contract: N/A
Agency Tracking Number: 10896
Amount: $500,000.00
Phase: Phase II
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 1990
Solitcitation Year: N/A
Solitcitation Topic Code: N/A
Solitcitation Number: N/A
Small Business Information
Engineering Resources
1400 Kings Dr, Fayetteville, AR, 72701
Duns: N/A
Hubzone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Dr C W Ko
 Principal Investigator
 (501) 442-9448
Business Contact
Phone: () -
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
COAL CONTAINS APPROXIMATELY EQUAL MOLAR AMOUNTS OF HYDROGEN AND CARBON; SYNTHESIS OF LIQUID FUELS OR METHANE REQUIRES AT LEAST TWICE AS MUCH ADDITIONAL HYDROGEN. THE REMOVAL OF LARGE QUANTITIES OF HETERO-ATOM COMPONENTS FROM TAR SANDS OILS AND SHALE OILS REQUIRES LARGE AMOUNTS OF HYDROGEN. HYDROGEN PRODUCED CATALYTICALLY BY THE WATER GAS SHIFT REACTION IS EXPENSIVE, SERIOUSLY OBSTRUCTING THE APPLICATIONOF ALTERNATIVE FUELS TECHNOLOGY. THIS PROJECT INVOLVES A UNIQUE BIOLOGICAL SYSTEM TO CARRY OUT THE WATER GAS SHIFT AT ORDINARY TEMPERATURES AND PRESSURE WITH STOICHIOMETRIC YIELDS AND HIGH ENERGY EFFICIENCY. BIOLOGICAL SHIFT CONVERSION OFFERS THE POTENTIAL FOR A SIMPLE AND ECONOMICAL MEANS OF PRODUCING HYDROGEN. PHASE I WILL DEFINE THE OPTIMAL CONDITIONS FOR PERFORMANCE OF THE ANAEROBIC BACTERIAR. RUBRUM IN PRODUCING H2 FROM CO AND H2O. INTRINSIC KINETIC PARAMETERS WILL BE DETERMINED, AND CONTINUOUS REACTOR STUDIES WILL BE CONDUCTED TO DEFINE MINIMUM RETENTION TIMES AND REACTOR VOLUMES. MODELS FOR CONVERSION AND MASS TRANSFER WILL BE PREPARED. ECONOMIC PROJECTIONS FOR LARGE SCALE HYDROGEN PRODUCTION WILL THEN BE MADE TO ASSESS FEASIBILITY.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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