Equations of State of Unreacted Explosives and Propellants for Initiation Modeling

Award Information
Agency: Department of Defense
Branch: Navy
Contract: N/A
Agency Tracking Number: 31872
Amount: $69,325.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 1996
Solicitation Year: N/A
Solicitation Topic Code: N/A
Solicitation Number: N/A
Small Business Information
11120 New Hampshire Avenue, Suite 500, Silver Spring, MD, 20904
DUNS: N/A
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Julius W. Enig
 (301) 593-4471
Business Contact
Phone: () -
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
The proposed project involves the derivation of accurate E, P, V and T, P, V equations of state of unreacted explosives, which are needed, e.g., in order to calculate temperature-dependent reaction kinetics and thermal explosion times for use in modeling the formation, ignition, and subsequent reaction of hot spots that determine the initiation of energetic materials. The anticipated Phase I results include the following: (i) the development of more accurate E, P, V equations of state for unreacted explosives than exist now, whose range of validity would extend from the high-pressure range (hundreds of kilobars) down to the 1 bar region, which is needed to describe explosive voids collapsing under shock loading; (ii) the development of thermodynamically compatible T, P, V equations of state of unreacted explosives, which satisfy the experimental temperature variation with volume along the 1 bar line and which are needed in the development of temperature-dependent models of the reaction process. Two different forms for the E, P, V equation of stat will be considered: one of the Mie-Gruneisen type; the second based on a variational principle. It is expected that these equations of state will be used in codes that model the initiation, explosion, and/or detonation of explosives and propellants by impacting fragments, blast waves, penetrators, and shaped charge jets, and the transition from slow/fast cookoff to detonation.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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