Equations of State of Unreacted Explosives and Propellants for Initiation Modeling
Small Business Information
11120 New Hampshire Avenue, Suite 500, Silver Spring, MD, 20904
Julius W. Enig
AbstractThe proposed project involves the derivation of accurate E, P, V and T, P, V equations of state of unreacted explosives, which are needed, e.g., in order to calculate temperature-dependent reaction kinetics and thermal explosion times for use in modeling the formation, ignition, and subsequent reaction of hot spots that determine the initiation of energetic materials. The anticipated Phase I results include the following: (i) the development of more accurate E, P, V equations of state for unreacted explosives than exist now, whose range of validity would extend from the high-pressure range (hundreds of kilobars) down to the 1 bar region, which is needed to describe explosive voids collapsing under shock loading; (ii) the development of thermodynamically compatible T, P, V equations of state of unreacted explosives, which satisfy the experimental temperature variation with volume along the 1 bar line and which are needed in the development of temperature-dependent models of the reaction process. Two different forms for the E, P, V equation of stat will be considered: one of the Mie-Gruneisen type; the second based on a variational principle. It is expected that these equations of state will be used in codes that model the initiation, explosion, and/or detonation of explosives and propellants by impacting fragments, blast waves, penetrators, and shaped charge jets, and the transition from slow/fast cookoff to detonation.
* information listed above is at the time of submission.