SBIR Phase I:Overcoming the Recalcitrance of Cellulose

Award Information
Agency:
National Science Foundation
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$178,630.00
Award Year:
2010
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
1013497
Award Id:
99031
Agency Tracking Number:
1013497
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
BT6
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
3591 Anderson Street, Suite 214, Madison, WI, 53704
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
808166826
Principal Investigator:
Rajai Atalla
PhD
(608) 310-9566
rhatalla@celscint.com
Business Contact:
Rajai Atalla
PhD
(608) 310-9566
rhatalla@celscint.com
Research Institute:
n/a
Abstract
This SBIR Phase I project will test and develop the concept of enhancing the conversion of cellulose to glucose by providing the accessibility of the enzymes to the cellulose fibers at the nanoscale level. The project addresses a serious deficiency that currently exists in bio-fuels production from cellulose-based biomass. The goal is to increase the disaggregation of cellulose and starch so that it can be subsequently degraded using enzymes to a greater degree than presently possible. This "pre-treatment" process will allow enhanced conversion of starch and cellulose to simple sugars and allow for higher rates of anaerobic methane production. The broader/commercial impact of the project will include creation of a pre-treatment approach leading to the ability to overcome a current limitation in the biodegradation and conversion of cellulose and starch (biomass) to bio-fuels. This could make bio-fuels more available in the longer term using a wider variety of residual biomass as feed stocks. It is likely that glucose from cellulose would become economically competitive with corn starch based glucose for production of bio-fuels, both ethanol and higher alcohols. This technology could produce cellulosic bio-fuels with an incubation time comparable to current starch-based production methods.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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