Decontamination Wipes for First Responders

Award Information
Agency: Environmental Protection Agency
Branch: N/A
Contract: EP-D-08-0031
Agency Tracking Number: EP-D-08-0031
Amount: $70,000.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Solicitation Topic Code: N/A
Solicitation Number: N/A
Solicitation Year: N/A
Award Year: 2008
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): N/A
Award End Date (Contract End Date): N/A
Small Business Information
34c Holton Street, Woburn, MA, 01801
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Robert Kaiser
 (781) 938-7588
Business Contact
 Madeleine Kaiser
Title: Vice-President and Treasurer
Phone: (781) 938-7588
Research Institution
The threat of chemical or biological (CB) attack is real, and there is a recognized need for improved technologies to better respond to these situations. During a CB emergency, first responder units are critical for handling the emergency, and then restoring the environment where it occurred. After a threat has been contained, the first responders, donned in protective gear, must decontaminate themselves along with their equipment. The decontamination products currently commercially available do not provide first responders with a simple and practical means of doing so. Entropic Systems, Inc. (ESI), with the Edgewood Chemical and Biological Command (ECBC) has been developing a decontamination wipe for the immediate decontamination of chemical warfare agents (CWAs) from sensitive military equipment. The result of this work is an absorptive/adsorptive decontamination wipe that effectively removes greater than 90 percent of CWAs from a variety of sensitive equipment items in one pass, retains the agent within the pores of the wipe, and does not damage the wiped surface or leave behind any residues. It exhibits great flexibility and can decontaminate complex items. This wipe decontamination system is easy to use, highly transportable, and requires no capital equipment investment, little or no training, and no additional resources to be effective. To be of utility to first responders, these wipes must be able to achieve significantly higher decontamination levels than those required by hasty decontamination. ESI has demonstrated that wiping a substrate multiple times with fresh wipes significantly increases the decontamination efficacy for the removal of a V-agent simulant from stainless steel to the detection limit (99.97%) of the gas chromatograph (GC) with a flame ionization detector (FID) used to measure residue levels. In the proposed Phase I program, ESI plans to: Demonstrate that wiping with absorptive/adsorptive wipes will effectively decontaminate liquid simulants to below the instrument detection limits (IDLs) airborne exposure levels of the corresponding CWA, from coupons of substrates that are commonly found on first responder equipment. Perform residue analysis with a GC equipped with a flame photometry detector (FPD). Perform wiping test on representative first responder equipment to demonstrate that wiping can effectively decontaminate objects with complex geometries. Demonstrate low off-gassing of used wipes. Demonstrate potential of spray and wipe process for spore removal. Optimize wipe design and wiping procedures. Successful completion of the program will result in a simple and practical decontamination technology for first responders, and other handlers of hazardous materials.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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