OPTIMIZING THE DESIGN OF CARBON TRANSPORT SYSTEMS

Award Information
Agency:
Environmental Protection Agency
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$49,973.00
Award Year:
1987
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
n/a
Agency Tracking Number:
7423
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
Environmental Eng & Tech P C
744-c Thimble Shoals Boulevard, Newport News, VA, 23606
Hubzone Owned:
N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
DR BILLY H KORNEGAY
(804) 873-1534
Business Contact:
() -
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
EXISTING WATER TREATMENT PLANTS ARE NOT VERY EFFECTIVE FOR THE REMOVAL OF A GROWING LIST OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS THAT POLLUTE OUR WATERS. ONE TREATMENT TECHNIQUE THAT IS HIGHLY EFFECTIVE FOR ORGANIC REMOVAL IS ADSORPTION ON GRANULAR ACTIVATED CARBON (GAC). COST HAS BEEN A MAJOR OBSTACLE TO EXPANDING THE USE OF GAC TREATMENT AND ADSORPTION SYSTEMS WHICH MUST BE OPTIMIZED IF THEY ARE TO PROVIDE COST EFFECTIVE MUNICIPAL WATER TREATMENT. ONE OF THE PROCESS COST FACTORS HAVING THE GREATEST POTENTIAL FOR SAVINGS IS THE LOSS OF GRANULAR ACTIVATED CARBON. MAKE-UP CARBON ALONEACCOUNTS FOR 30%-50% OF THE TOTAL ANNUAL COST OF ADSORPTION SYSTEMS. AS POINTED OUT BY OTHERS, THIS CAN BE REDUCED BY OPTIMIZING THE ADSORPTION STEP AND REDUCING THE FREQUENCY OF REGENERATION. HOWEVER, A GREATER POTENTIAL FOR SAVINGS APPEARS IN A REDUCTION IN CARBON LOSSES: (1) DURING THE THERMAL REGENERATION PROCESS (2) CREATED DURING THE SLURRY TRANSPORT OF GAC FROM THE ADSORBER TO THE REGENERATION FURNACE AND RETURN. IN ORDER TO ACHIEVE THE GREATEST REDUCTION IN THE COST OF GAC TREATMENT EMPHASIS MUST BE PLACEDON THEOSE COMPONENTS OFTHE TREATMENT PROCESS THAT (1) ARE COMMON TO ALL GAC SYSTEM DESIGNS, (2) CONSTITUTE THE GREATEST PORTION OF THE COST, AND (3) CANNOT BE EASILY CHANGED ONCE THE SYSTEM HAS BEEN BUILT. THES CRITERIA SUGGEST THAT STUDIES BE DIRECTED TO- WARD OPTIMIZING THE DESIGN OF CARBON TRANSPORT SYSTEMS. THE OPPOSED RESEARCH IN PHASE I WILL DEVELOP HEAD LOSS CURV-VES AND EQUATIONS FOR THE SLURRY TRANSPORT OF DIFFERENT TYPES AND SIZES OF GRANULAR ACTIVATED COARBON AS A FUNCTION OF PIPE SIZE, VELOCITY AND CARBON CONCENTRATIONS. THIS IN- FORMATION IS NEEDED TO REPLACE THE ERRONEOUS DATA PREVIOUSLYDISSEMINATED AND WILL GREATLY IMPROVE THE DESIGN OF CARBON TRANSPORT SYSTEMS. THE HEAD LOSS CURVES AND EQUATIONS DEVELOPED IN PHASE I FIND IMMEDIATE APPLICATION IN THE DESIGN OF CARBON TRANSPORTSYSTEMS TO REPLACE THE ERRONEOUS DATA PRESENTLY AVAILABLE.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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