Microcontainment System for Photolytically Induced Delivery of Biocide Against Biological Agents

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Defense
Branch:
Army
Amount:
$119,998.00
Award Year:
2007
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
W9132T-08-C-0009
Agency Tracking Number:
A072-130-0022
Solicitation Year:
2007
Solicitation Topic Code:
A07-130
Solicitation Number:
2007.2
Small Business Information
EPIR TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
590 Territorial Drive, Suite B, Bolingbrook, IL, 60440
Hubzone Owned:
N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
068568588
Principal Investigator
 Dinakar Ramadurai
 Biomedical Engineer
 (630) 771-0203
 rdinakar@epir.com
Business Contact
 Sivalingam Sivananthan
Title: President
Phone: (630) 771-0201
Email: ssivananthan@epir.com
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
Currently there is no real-time technology to reliably neutralize biological and chemical agents. Conventional technologies require several hours for decontamination of surfaces either through manual spraying or scrubbing. We propose to design, fabricate and test a user-friendly, low-logistical-load photolytically triggered microcontainment system capable of rapid neutralization of biological and chemical agents with high sensitivity and specificity for all classes of bioagents – bacterial spores, viruses, vegetative bacteria, and bacterial toxins – and many chemical agents. The sensors developed will be easily used within HVAC systems, military facilities and building infrastructures. They will be low-power, have low-logistical-loads (i.e., reagents and consumables), and will allow the quantification of the neutralizing efficiency (“kill ratio”). They will also enable automated remote response and the automated refreshing of biocide carriers. They will be implemented using planar microfabrication and microfluidic techniques without any moving parts and will be augmented with polymeric nanocapsule technology and optoelectronic techniques. They will incorporate three different techniques for neutralizing biological agents: (1) the encapsulation of biocide within lipid nanoparticles, (2) the use of multifunctional oxide particles for high efficiency decontamination, and (3) the triggered release of encapsulated biocides through embedded photolytic compounds.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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