High Expression Recombinant Factor VIII
Department of Health and Human Services
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Small Business Information
EXPRESSION THERAPEUTICS, 1860 Montreal Road, Tucker, GA, 30084
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged:
AbstractDESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The hemophilias (A and B) are rare bleeding disorders toward which much scientific and medical effort has been devoted. In 1840, blood transfusion was used for the first time to stop post-operative bleeding in a hemophi lia patient and in 1968 the first commercial coagulation factor concentrate became available. The cloning of the fVIII gene in 1984 facilitated the development of recombinant fVIII protein products that became commercially available in 1992. This was viewe d as a dramatic therapeutic improvement due to the perceived safety advantage recombinant products have over plasma-derived products, which proved responsible for the infection of thousands of patients with hemophilia with human immunodeficiency virus and/ or hepatitis C virus during the 1980's. Since the development of recombinant fVIII, progress in the treatment of hemophilia A has slowed. The limitations of current treatment are 1) access to fVIII-replacement products, 2) the cost of fVIII- replacement pr oducts, 3) the development of humoral anti-fVIII immune responses that block treatment efficacy and 4) morbidity due to joint disease. State of the art treatment multiple infusions per week of fVIII product. However, many patients are treated only after th e initiation of a bleeding episode and these patients typically develop joint arthropathy due to repeated bleeding into a target joint, e.g. knee. Unless the worldwide fVIII supply increases and prices drop significantly, hemophilia A will remain an import ant heath burden to human society. Therefore, the search for improved therapeutics is warranted. One strategy for improving hemophilia A care is to develop improved recombinant-protein products, e.g. manufactured more efficiently or have increased hemostat ic efficacy. The mission of Expression Therapeutics is to develop products that will improve the treatment of individuals with hemophilia A. Our technology is based on the identification of sequence elements within fVIII that can be modified to increase it s biosynthesis. The goal of the current study is to provide feasibility data supporting the concept that a high-expression fVIII-replacement product can be manufactured more efficiently than traditional human recombinant fVIII products. These data will sup port the development of a novel fVIII-replacement product that will improve the treatment of hemophilia A. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Hemophilia A is a bleeding disorder caused by the insufficiency of a blood clotting factor, designated factor VIII (fVIII). Current treatment for hemophilia relies on infusion of plasma-derived or recombinant fVIII products to restore circulating fVIII activity. Currently, treatment is offered to less than one-third of all patients with hemophilia A patients due to product cost . Unless the worldwide fVIII supply increases and prices drop significantly, hemophilia A will remain an important heath burden to human society and therefore the search for improved therapeutics is warranted.
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