Conversion of Agricultural Waste into High Quality Insulation for Energy Conversion

Award Information
Agency: Department of Agriculture
Branch: N/A
Contract: N/A
Agency Tracking Number: 2010-02172
Amount: $398,972.00
Phase: Phase II
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2010
Solitcitation Year: N/A
Solitcitation Topic Code: 8.8
Solitcitation Number: N/A
Small Business Information
MAYATERIALS, INC
661 AIRPORT BLVD STE 1, Ann Arbor, MI, 48108
Duns: 131604121
Hubzone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Julien Marchal
 Senior scientist
 (734) 994-7035
 j.marchal@mayaterials.com
Business Contact
 Julien Marchal
Title: Senior scientist
Phone: (734) 994-7035
Email: j.marchal@mayaterials.com
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
The United States particularly through DOE and USDA has very strong and often integrated programs targeting the development of new energy sources (e.g. biofuels, wind energy, geothermal, etc) and improvements to sustainable energy sources especially solar power. Billions of dollars have been invested in diverse programs. In contrast, similar integrated efforts at similar scales directed towards new approaches to energy conservation (aside from lighting) have not received the same emphasis despite the fact that this should be of equal National importance. The byproducts of biofuels and direct burning processes (of agricultural wastes for example) will always contain a major inorganic fraction likely to be primarily silica because plants selectively extract and concentrate silica from the environment excluding heavy metals. Thus, the resulting silica is relatively pure compared with natural silica sources (e.g. sand), amorphous and high surface area allowing it to be chemically extracted at low temperatures with minimal costs. Mayaterials' researchers have developed a low temperature, green and inexpensive process to extract this silica from agricultural wastes, rice hull ash in particular. Using the various products of this process, Mayaterials is proposing to develop a new type of inexpensive vacuum insulation panels (VIPs). The use of VIPs in refrigeration and housing is currently limited in the USA due to their very high cost. By using agricultural waste as the raw ingredient and getting rid of the complex and expensive processes currently used to make good quality VIPs, Mayaterials plans to decrease the cost of VIPs several fold. This would allow for a more widespread use of VIP insulation which has the potential for tremendous energy savings if widely adopted. Just in the home refrigerator market, use of VIPs has the potential to save up to 76 Twh each year (50% higher than the USA total wind power electricity generated in 2008).

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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