EVALUATION OF A NEW AUTOMATED PERIODONTAL PROBE

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: N/A
Contract: N/A
Agency Tracking Number: 512
Amount: $400,833.00
Phase: Phase II
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 1984
Solicitation Year: N/A
Solicitation Topic Code: N/A
Solicitation Number: N/A
Small Business Information
350 Second Ave., Waltham, MA, 02254
DUNS: N/A
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Robert L. Jeffcoat
 (617) 890-3200
Business Contact
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
THE AIM OF THE PROPOSED RESEARCH IS TO CONDUCT LABORATORY INVESTIGATIONS LEADING TO AN AUTOMATED PERIODONTAL POCKET DEPTH AND ATTACHMENT LEVEL MEASURING DEVICE. THE DESIGN FEATURES INCLUDE: AUTOMATIC DETECTION OF THE CEMENTOENAMEL JUNCTION, CONSTANT ADJUSTABLE PROBING FORCE, AND AUTOMATIC RECORDING OF THE ATTACHMENT LEVEL. ALTHOUGH THE CONVENTIONAL PROBE IS WIDELY USED, THE ERRORS INHERENT IN ITS USE LIMIT THE ACCURACY AND REPRODUCIBILITY OF SUCH MEASUREMENTS. THE AUTOMATED PERIODONTAL PROBE WILL SERVE TO DECREASE ERRORS AND INCREASE ACCURACY, THEREBY ENHANCING ITS VALUE AS A TOOL FOR THE DETECTION OF PERIODONTAL DISEASEAND FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF PERIODONTAL DISEASE ACTIVITY. THIS PHASE I RESEARCH WILL BE CONDUCTED IN TWO STEPS. EFFORTS ARE DIRECTED TOWARD BUILDING A PROTOTYPE INSTRUMENT WHICH WILL CONFIRM OUR PRELIMINARY EXPERIMENTS AND PROVE THE FEASIBILITY OF USING COMPUTERIZED SIGNAL PROCESSING TO LOCATE THE CEJ AND DETERMINE ATTACHMENT LEVEL. THIS PROTOTYPE INSTRUMENT WILL BE UTILIZED IN FOUR IN VITRO MODELS. ALUMINUM BLOCKS WITH HOLES OF A KNOWN DEPTH WILL BE USED TO ASSESS ACCURACY, AND ROOT PLANED EXTRACTED TEETH WILL BE USED TO DETERMINE THE ABILITY OF THE PROBE TO DETECTAUTOMATICALLY THE CEJ. EXTRACTED TEETH WITH AND WITHOUT ROOT PLANING WILL BE PLACED IN A SILICONE MATRIX TO SIMULATEA SOFT TISSUE POCKET OF KNOWN DEPTH AND WILL BE USED TO DETERMINE THE ACCURACY AND REPEATABILITY OF ATTACHMENT LEVELMEASUREMENTS, AS WELL AS TO DETERMINE THE EFFECT OF CALCULUSON THE MEASUREMENTS. ONCE THE PRINCIPLES OF AUTOMATED PERIODONTAL PROBING ARE ESTABLISHED, FUTURE STUDIES CAN FINALIZE THE ELECTRONIC AND MECHANICAL DESIGN FOR COMMERCIALIZATION. AN IMMEDIATE NEED IS SEEN FOR THE INSTRUMENT IN DENTAL RESEARCH; SUBSEQUENT ADOPTION BY PRACTICING DENTISTS IS LIKELY IF THE DEVICE CAN BE PRODUCED AT THE TARGET PRICE.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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