Machine to Densify Biomass into Tablets

Award Information
Agency: Department of Energy
Branch: N/A
Contract: DE-FG02-09ER85578
Agency Tracking Number: 90557
Amount: $100,000.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2009
Solicitation Year: 2008
Solicitation Topic Code: 18 d
Solicitation Number: DE-PS02-08ER08-34
Small Business Information
2601 Maguire Boulevard, Columbia, MO, 65201
DUNS: 021120154
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Henry Liu
 Dr.
 (573) 442-0080
 fpc_liuh@yahoo.com
Business Contact
 Henry Liu
Title: Dr.
Phone: (573) 442-0080
Email: fpc_liuh@yahoo.com
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
Most biomass materials, such as switchgrass and corn stover, are very bulky (fluffy) when first collected,making them costly to handle, store, and transport. Current densification methods ¿ include baling, pelletizing, etc, ¿ are too costly, too energy-intensive, or both. A better method to solve these problems is needed to enhance the utilization of biomass. This project will test and develop a special machine that can press biomass materials into dense tablets of various sizes without having to use heat or binder. This ¿tabletizer¿ will have a number of advantages over other densification processes: (1) less energy will be needed to achieve densification; (2) compaction can be done at farms, sawmills, or ranger stations, greatly reducing transportation and storage costs; and (3) the tablets will be uniform in shape and size, enabling automatic feeding and handling. Commercial Applications and other Benefits as described by the awardee:The biomass tablets produced by this machine should be used in many applications: (1) feedstock for liquefaction and gasification of biomass, (2) fuel for co-firing with coal in stoker and fluidized-bed boilers for power generation, (3) fuel for heating buildings, and (4) feedstock for producing charcoal and activated carbon.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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